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淋巴瘤

What is lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer which affects the lymphatic system. It is the most common form of blood cancer in Australia. It can develop in the lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, blood or other organs.

The two main forms are:

  • Non-Hodgkin’s – affects around 90% of people with this blood cancer
  • Hodgkin’s – affects around 10% of people with this blood cancer

The main difference between these forms is the exact type of lymph cells involved in each.

Lymphoma affects each person differently. Some people do not need treatment for many years. Others may need treatment sooner. Most people with lymphoma will recover.

What will my GP do now for my lymphoma?

If your GP thinks you have lymphoma, they may send you to get a biopsy. A biopsy is when a doctor removes cells or tissues from a lump of concern. They will look at the cells or tissue under a microscope to check for this type of blood cancer. You may need a blood test before you have a biopsy.

Your GP may refer you to a blood cancer doctor (haematologist) to help work out what stage your cancer is at. They will give you a treatment plan. Treatment depends on the stage of your disease and your health status. It may take a few more tests before your healthcare team work out the best treatment plan for you.

Treatment options include:

  • 药物
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stem-cell transplant

Your blood cancer care team will explain the treatments, their benefits and possible side effects. Your GP may refer you to the hospital if you have any symptoms or test results of great concern.

What will my GP do in the future for my lymphoma?

Your GP may manage your lymphoma with your blood cancer doctor. If so, you will need to visit your GP every three months for the first 12 months. After that, you will see your GP every six months. During these visits, your GP may ask about your symptoms.

Your GP will also check to see if there is any growth in size of your lymph nodes or other organs. They may ask you to start keeping a diary of your symptoms.

Your GP may arrange blood, urine and image tests from time to time to check if there are any changes. They may also check your skin.

People with lymphoma may have suppressed immune systems. This makes it harder for your body to fight off infection. Your GP may talk to you about vaccines to help protect you from germs and disease.

If you need to have chemotherapy, your GP may help manage some of the side effects of this treatment.

我可以问医生什么问题?

  • Who will be the main contact in my health team?
  • How do I contact my health team?
  • Can I have the flu shot and other vaccines?
  • Is it safe to take vitamins?
  • 需要改变饮食吗?
  • What type of exercise can I do?

What can I do for my lymphoma?

Keep a diary of symptoms, as advised by your GP or blood cancer team. Adopt a healthy diet and keep active, with regular exercise. Make time to relax, using techniques such as mindful breathing, stretching or yoga. Stop smoking and decrease the amount of alcohol you drink. Make use of support services such as psychology and counselling.

 

都有哪些支持?

  • Public haematology clinics

    There are public haematology clinics across the South Western Sydney Local Health District. They help people living with blood cancers. Your GP can refer you to one of these services. They are located in Bankstown, Bowral, Campbelltown and Liverpool.

  • 私人专家

    You can also ask your GP to refer you to a private specialist.

  • 白血病基金会

    The Leukaemia Fundation offers practical support services for people living with a blood cancer diagnosis.

  • 澳大利亚淋巴瘤协会

    Lymphoma Australia offers free support services for people living with a lymphoma diagnosis.

在哪里可以了解更多信息?

  • 澳大利亚癌症委员会

    淋巴瘤(需要订阅)

  • 澳大利亚淋巴瘤协会

    致力于淋巴瘤事业的澳大利亚非营利性慈善机构

  • 白血病基金会 - 淋巴瘤

重要须知: 本信息供获得医生诊断的人浏览。本信息不旨在用于诊断疾病或替代持续的医疗护理。

健康资源目录信息单获得悉尼西南区PHN的社区顾问委员会和本地家庭医生的认可。

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