家庭虐待和暴力

Domestic and family violence can take many forms. This type of violence does not discriminate and can impact anyone, creating fear and anxiety in families. This page has information and supports for people and their loved ones about domestic abuse and violence.

家庭暴力安全计划

If you are at risk of domestic and family violence, you can take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones in case of an emergency. This is safety planning. This page includes information about how to safely leave a bad situation and supports for you and your loved ones.

老年人虐待

Elder abuse is a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, within a relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person. This page has information about elder abuse to help support you and your loved ones.

Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation, or cutting (FGM/C) is a procedure that involves partial or total removal of, or injury to, the external female genitalia, for non-medical reasons. There are no health benefits. This page includes information about FGM/C and links to relevant supports.

性侵犯

Sexual assault encompasses any sexual behavior that makes someone feel uncomfortable, frightened, intimidated, or threatened. Consent is key, and any sexual assault is a serious crime. This page has information about sexual assault and includes support options.

抗精神病药物

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition. It is when a person cannot tell the difference between...

焦虑症

Anxiety is when you feel anxious or stressed without a clear reason. It is the most common...

丧亲、悲伤和丧失

Bereavement is the process of coping with the death of a family member or close friend. If...

抑郁症

Depression is a mental health condition that affects your mood. One in six people will experience depression...

Digital mental health services

What is a digital mental health service? A digital mental health service is a service which is offered online or...

进食障碍

Eating disorders are mental health conditions that cause a person to develop disordered or extreme eating habits....

灾难期间的精神健康

What is a disaster? A disaster can include heatwaves, bushfires, droughts, floods, severe storms and tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis and...

精神健康治疗计划

A mental health treatment plan is written for people with mental ill-health. If you have mental health...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition. It is when a person experiences intense...

问题赌博

Some people can gamble responsibly, but others find it hard to stop. Gambling becomes a problem when...

精神病

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition affecting the mind. People with psychosis can experience an altered...

自我伤害

Self harm is when someone purposely hurts a part of their body. Some common forms of self-harm...

自杀的想法

Sometimes, people have thoughts about wanting to harm themselves or end their life. These thoughts may occur...

异常出血或瘀伤

What is abnormal bleeding or bruising? It’s normal to bruise or bleed after an injury. Abnormal bleeding or bruising is...

贫血

Anaemia is when your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. This reduces the oxygen...

深静脉血栓

Deep vein thrombosis is a type of blood clot that forms in a deep vein (not a...

血色病

Haemochromatosis causes the body to absorb too much iron from food. The condition is genetic, which means...

高血压

What is hypertension? Hypertension is the medical name for high blood pressure. High blood pressure means your blood is pumping...

缺铁性贫血

Iron deficiency anaemia is a type of anaemia caused by a lack of iron. You need iron...

Nose bleed (Epistaxis)

Epistaxis is another name for nose bleeds. It is a common problem in both children and adults....

Pulmonary embolism

A pulmonary embolism is when a blood clot blocks the arteries that supply blood to the lungs....

Sepsis

What is sepsis? Sepsis is life-threatening. It needs to be treated quickly. It happens when your body’s response to an...

Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis is an infection in a joint. Somehow bacteria has spread to the joint or bones...

Tetanus

What is tetanus? Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection. It happens when bacteria go into the body through a break...

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is swelling of the bone. It happens when germs (bacteria) spreads from the blood stream to...

骨质疏松

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone that makes it weaker and more likely to fracture. There...

急性白血病

Acute leukaemia is a type of blood cancer that develops quickly. If you have acute leukaemia, your...

肠癌

Bowel cancer is cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It is also called colorectal cancer. Cancer...

乳腺癌随访

Post-treatment follow up for breast cancer is vital. Your care team will monitor your recovery and catch any signs of recurrence early, ensuring the best possible outcomes. This page includes information about your follow-up care and includes supports.

癌症支持服务

Coping with cancer is challenging. This page has support services for cancer patients, people living with cancer, their families and carers listed and includes information about local clinics.

慢性淋巴细胞白血病 (CLL)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) is a type of blood and bone marrow cancer. The bone marrow is...

子宫内膜癌

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus. Most women who get this type of cancer...

家族性癌症综合征

A familial cancer syndrome is a rare disorder in which family members have a higher-than-average risk of developing a certain type or types of cancer. This page includes information about familial cancer syndrome and where you can find supports.

患乳腺癌或卵巢癌的家族风险

Around five percent of breast cancers and 15 percent of ovarian cancers are due to a family...

结直肠癌或子宫内膜癌的家族风险

A family history of other cancers may increase your risk of developing colorectal or endometrial cancer. This page contains information about the familial risk of cancer and provides support options for families.

头颈癌

Head and neck cancer is a general term used for different types of cancers that develop in...

罹患癌症后的生活

Regular check-ups with your GP will help ensure that you remain healthy and address any concerns post cancer treatment. This page includes information about how to live well after cancer and includes options for further support.

肝癌

Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. In people with liver cancer,...

肺癌

Lung cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the lungs. In Australia, more people die...

淋巴瘤

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer. At affects the lymphatic system. The two main types are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This page includes information about lymphoma, including how your care may look and what supports you can access.

黑色素瘤

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It develops in the skin cells and usually occurs on the parts of the body that have been overexposed to the sun. This page has information about about melanoma and includes links to different supports for people who have this type of cancer.

Multidisciplinary teams in cancer care

When you have been diagnosed with cancer, you will be cared for by a whole team of...

骨髓瘤

Myeloma, also called multiple myeloma, is a type of blood cancer affecting plasma cells. Plasma cells are...

食管癌

Oesophageal cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells that line the oesophagus. The...

卵巢癌

Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. In people with this type of cancer, cells...

肠癌筛查

Bowel cancer screening aims to help detect signs of bowel cancer early. The National Bowel Cancer Screening program allows people aged between 45 and 74 to screen at home. This page has information about the program and links to find further supports.

乳腺癌筛查

Screening for breast cancer is your best chance for detecting breast cancer early. It involves having a screening two years from the age of 50 (or earlier if your GP advises it). This page includes information about what may happen during a breast screen and lists supports.

Cervical cancer screening

The cervical screening test is a simple test done every 5 years to check for human papillomavirus (HPV). This is a common infection that can lead to cervical cancer. This page includes information about cervical cancer screening and links to supports.

儿童和青少年的焦虑症

An anxiety disorder is when we often feel very anxious. This can be anxious about something specific...

儿童行为问题

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

儿童和青少年的行为障碍

A behavioural disorder is when a child has difficulty with their emotions and behaviours. Their behaviour can...

儿童和青少年强迫症

A compulsive disorder is when a person has repeated unwanted thoughts or the need to repeat a...

儿童和青少年的抑郁和双相情感障碍

A depressive disorder is when a person has low mood, less interest or enjoyment in activities and...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

发育里程碑

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Digital mental health services

What is a digital mental health service? A digital mental health service is a service which is offered online or...

儿童和青少年精神障碍

Getting a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder will depend how long, how bad and in what ways...

发脾气

Temper tantrums, also known as tantrums, are emotional outbursts. If your child is having a tantrum, they...

卡介苗疫苗接种

What is a BCG vaccination? The BCG vaccine is the vaccine for tuberculosis, also known as TB. Tuberculosis is a...

Bedwetting (Enuresis)

Enuresis is involuntary bedwetting during sleep in a child under 5 years old. It is a common...

儿童行为问题

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

发育里程碑

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Diabetes in children

Diabetes happens in children when the glucose level in their blood stays high. Everybody has glucose in...

Eczema in children

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition causing dry, itchy skin that can become...

儿童眼部问题

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Foreign objects inhaled

It is very common for small children to put items in their mouths, and then potentially inhale...

Headaches in children

Headaches are a common pain syndrome seen in children, along with recurrent abdominal and leg pains. The...

Heart murmur in children

A heart murmur is when the blood flowing through the heart makes an extra noise. Normal heart...

Inguinal hernia (Lumps or swelling in children)

An inguinal hernia is a lump that occurs in the groin. Lumps in the groin area in...

幼年特发性关节炎

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a type of arthritis that develops in a child aged 16 or younger....

Misshapen or flat head (Plagiocephaly)

Plagiocephaly (misshapen or flat head) is when a baby has an uneven or flat spot on their...

儿童颈部肿块

It is very common for children to develop lumps in their necks. The most common cause is...

儿童阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Pain relief for children

For children, treatment depends on the age of the child and cause of their pain. Common pain...

Penis and foreskin in children

The foreskin is the loose skin at the head of the penis. The foreskin usually won’t pull...

儿童持续性咳嗽

A cough is a very common symptom in children. It can be caused by many different things....

儿童的身体运动

Regular physical activity is essential for your child’s health, growth and development. Kids need to be active...

儿童皮疹

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

儿童身材矮小

A child with short stature is much shorter than other children of the same age. When a...

发脾气

Temper tantrums, also known as tantrums, are emotional outbursts. If your child is having a tantrum, they...

Torticollis in infants

Torticollis is a when the neck muscles spasm and the neck twists to the side. It is...

睾丸未降

Undescended testes is when a testicle hasn’t moved into the bag of skin below the penis (the...

儿童体重管理

Weight management in children is about making long-term changes that support a healthy lifestyle. The goal is...

糖尿病和饮食

Diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for diabetes, because...

Diabetes and driving

Patients with diabetes may be taking medication which increases the risk of high blood sugar while driving. ...

糖尿病和怀孕

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. Without...

糖尿病眼科筛查

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

糖尿病足部筛查

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes in children

Diabetes happens in children when the glucose level in their blood stays high. Everybody has glucose in...

糖尿病肾脏筛查

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Diabetes medications

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels....

妊娠糖尿病

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

低血糖

Hypoglycaemia is low blood sugar and it’s one of the most common problems related to diabetes. Taking...

Pre-diabetes

After you eat, your body breaks down food into glucose, a type of sugar. A hormone called...

糖尿病女性孕前计划

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

自我监测血糖

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended for all people with type 1 diabetes. It is also recommended...

1型糖尿病

Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that...

2型糖尿病

What is type 2 diabetes? Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. After you eat, your body breaks...

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is sometimes life threatening and is always a medical emergency. It is the worst kind of...

运动的好处

It can sometimes seem too hard to exercise, with time, money, tiredness and other factors getting in the way. However,...

保持健康的行为改变

Sometimes getting the motivation to change our lifestyle is easy but actually making that change and sticking with it can...

营养资源

Scroll down for recommended resources to guide you towards eating a healthier diet. 

肥胖相关疾病

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

计划减重

Being overweight or obese can have an impact on your health, but even small amounts of weight...

戒烟

Smoking is the greatest cause of preventable illness and death in Australia. Around two-thirds of long-term smokers...

Vitamin D deficiency in children

Vitamin D deficiency is common. If your child has a vitamin D deficiency it means they do...

酒精

Alcohol is a legal drug in Australia for people over the age of 18. However, alcohol use...

大麻

Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in Australia. It is used in three main forms:...

Cocaine, ecstasy, and other drugs

Cocaine and ecstasy are two commonly used illegal drugs. These drugs are damaging to your health and...

药用大麻

Medicinal cannabis comes from the cannabis plant (also called marijuana). Most medicinal cannabis contains cannabidiol (CBD) and...

甲基苯丙胺

Methamphetamine, also known as 'crystal meth' or 'ice,' is a stimulant. It is illegal. This page has information about methamphetamine and includes links to different supports for people who want to stop taking this illegal drug.

针头和注射器计划

Needle and syringe services in South Western Sydney Find your closest Needle and Syringe Program outlet below.

阿片类药物依赖性治疗

Opioid dependence treatment is treatment for people who are dependent on opioids. Opioids are pain-relieving medications. There...

阿片类药物

There are many types of opioids, including prescription opioids such as morphine and illegal opioids such as...

安全的注射做法

What should I do? People who inject drugs can place themselves at risk of HIV, hepatitis C and other blood...

Vaping

What is vaping? A vape is a small device also known as an electronic cigarette. They are not safe, and...

Ear Infection

Ear infection happens when fluid builds up behind the ear drum. This is the middle part of...

阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Sinusitis

Sinusitis means infection or inflammation of the sinuses. Your sinuses are in your cheeks, forehead and around...

Tonsilitis

Tonsilitis is swelling of the tonsils. The tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of the mouth and...

预先护理计划

What is advance care planning? Advance care planning is for people at any age. It is making a plan for...

终末期呼吸系统疾病

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

管理死亡的最后阶段

Managing the final stages of dying involves careful planning. It’s important the person’s wishes are respected. As...

姑息治疗

What is palliative care? Palliative care is a specific type of care for people who have a life-limiting illness. Palliative...

姑息治疗疼痛管理

More than 65% of palliative care patients experience a form of pain from mild to severe, depending...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

姑息治疗中的睡眠障碍

People nearing the end of their lives may have trouble sleeping. There are many reasons why sleep...

理解死亡过程

What happens when a person is dying? It is very difficult to predict exactly what will happen. Some people deteriorate...

新州自愿辅助死亡

What is voluntary assisted dying? Voluntary assisted dying (VAD) means a person can ask for medical help to end their...

白内障

A cataract is when the lens in your eye becomes cloudy. Inside our eyes, we have a...

糖尿病眼科筛查

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Eye Injury

An eye injury can happen due to an accident, sports injury, or if you get something in...

儿童眼部问题

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Eyelid lesions

An eyelid lesion is a lump on the eyelid. They are common and can be painful or...

线粒体疾病

Mitochondrial disease is caused by a problem with one or more of the genes that make up...

Pterygium

Pterygium is a fleshy overgrowth on the surface of the eye. It is common and can affect...

Red eye

Redness of the eye is common. It can occur in one or both eyes. It happens when...

Vision loss

Vision loss means a person cannot see things like they used to, or they cannot see things...

肠息肉

A bowel polyp is an abnormal growth on the inside of the large bowel. Approximately 50% of...

Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disease. It happens when the immune system reacts badly to gluten. Gluten...

便秘

Constipation is when you find it hard to empty your bowel (have a bowel movement). It will...

胃肠炎

Gastroenteritis (gastro) is a common condition which affects the gut. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain and...

消化不良和反流

When you chew and swallow food, it is pushed down into the stomach by different muscles. Sometimes,...

炎症性肠病(IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is the name for two conditions. They are both caused by a problem...

肠易激综合征(IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is when your gut is irritated. Around one in five Australian experience IBS...

脾肿大

The spleen is on the left side of the belly. It filters the blood and removes abnormal...

维生素B12缺乏症

Vitamin B12 deficiency means you don’t have enough vitamin B12 in your body. Our bodies need vitamin...

Community health centres in South Western Sydney

A community health centre helps to improve or maintain the mental and physical health and wellbeing of people living in our community.

退伍军人事务部

What is the Department of Veterans’ Affairs? The Department of Veterans’ Affairs is a government department that offers support for...

残疾支持服务

Disability support services are services that help people with disabilities, their families and carers. The Australian government...

Hospitals in South Western Sydney

A hospital is where you go for emergency care. They offer treatment to patients and have specialised staff and services. In South Western Sydney, there are six public hospitals and six private hospitals.

Multicultural services and translated resources

This page lists resources on many health conditions with translations for non-English speakers. Scroll down to find information from children’s...

我的健康记录

What is My Health Record? My Health Record is a secure online summary of your health information. The record keeps...

Refugee health assessment for adults

A refugee health assessment is a detailed check of a person who has arrived in Australia as...

Triple I

Triple I is South Western Sydney Local Health District’s (SWSLHD) centralised Community Health intake service. It offers...

Cardiovascular disease

What is cardiovascular disease? Cardiovascular disease is a term for a range of diseases that affect the heart and blood...

胸痛

Chest pain can feel like a dull ache, a sharp stab, or a crushing or burning sensation....

心力衰竭

Heart failure is when your heart can’t pump enough blood to the rest of your body. The...

Heart murmur in children

A heart murmur is when the blood flowing through the heart makes an extra noise. Normal heart...

Measuring your blood pressure

What is measuring your blood pressure? Measuring your blood pressure at home is an easy way to help your GP...

Rheumatic heart disease

What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) happens when your heart is damaged by acute rheumatic fever (ARF)....

卡介苗疫苗接种

What is a BCG vaccination? The BCG vaccine is the vaccine for tuberculosis, also known as TB. Tuberculosis is a...

免疫接种

Immunisation is the process of getting a vaccine against a serious disease. Vaccines work by producing an...

免疫接种和怀孕

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Immunisation side effects

What is an immunisation side effect? Adverse Events Following Immunisation (AEFIs) is the term used to describe the medical issues...

流感免疫接种

The influenza (flu) vaccine protects against the flu. The vaccine helps reduce the risk of getting sick...

旅行疫苗接种

Travel vaccinations are vaccines that protect against the serious diseases you may encounter when travelling overseas. Overseas...

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

What is COVID-19? COVID-19 is a type of virus. It was first detected in 2019. It is infectious and can...

Hand hygiene

What is hand hygiene? Hand hygiene is having clean hands. It means cleaning your hands with soap and water or an...

如何在家管理COVID-19

Can I manage my COVID-19 at home? Most people can safely manage COVID-19 at home. This means if you get...

麻疹

Measles is a viral disease that spreads easy and can cause severe problems. It remains a common...

Meningitis

What is meningitis? Meningitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. It is very rare but serious. If...

Rabies and bat lyssavirus

Rabies and Australian bat lyssavirus are viruses that spread through bites or scratches from infected animals. These...

Staphylococcal (Staph) infections

Staphylococcus aureus (or ‘staph’) and Group A streptococcus (GAS) are kinds of bacteria which can be found...

Zika virus

Zika is a virus that spreads through infected mosquito bites. It can also be sexually transmitted. In...

踝关节骨折

An ankle fracture is a broken ankle. Fractures can be thin cracks or complete breaks that shatter....

脚踝扭伤

An ankle sprain is an ankle injury caused by rolling, twisting or straining the ankle. An ankle...

烧伤

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

锁骨骨折

A clavicle fracture is a break in the collar bone. Your collar bone is one of the...

手指脱臼

A dislocated finger is a common hand injury. It happens when the bones in the finger are...

足部和脚趾损伤

There are many things which can cause foot or toe pain and injury. Most foot and toe...

手部骨折

A hand fracture is a break in a bone in the hand (metacarpal fracture) or fingers (phalanx...

Lacerations (Cuts)

A laceration is a deep cut to the skin or flesh. In some cases, your GP can...

髌前滑囊炎(女佣膝)

Prepatellar bursitis is a type of knee injury that occurs when the bursa, in the front of...

舟状骨骨折

A scaphoid fracture is a break in one of the bones in your wrist. They usually happen...

肩关节脱位和不稳定

What is shoulder dislocation and instability? A shoulder dislocation is when the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder...

挥鞭样损伤

Whiplash happens when your head moves very quickly one way and then back again. It can happen...

急性肾脏损伤

Acute kidney injury is a form of kidney damage that occurs quickly, over a few hours to...

尿中带血(血尿)

Haematuria is when there is blood in the urine. It can be: Visible: It is possible to...

慢性肾病

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body, removing waste products that can harm your organs. If...

糖尿病肾脏筛查

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

肾脏感染(肾盂肾炎)

Kidney infections happen when bacteria enters your body via the urethra (the tube you pass urine through)....

肾结石

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in the kidneys. They are common and can be...

蛋白尿

Proteinuria is the medical name for protein in the urine. There is usually a small amount of...

Urethritis

Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra (the tube which takes urine from the bladder to outside...

尿失禁

  Urinary incontinence is the involuntary or accidental leakage of urine. This affects 30% to 50% of...

Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) happens when germs get into the urethra, bladder, vagina or kidneys. They...

脂肪肝疾病

Healthy livers have very little or no fat in them. But if you drink too much alcohol,...

乙型肝炎

Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver. The virus is spread through body fluids such...

丙型肝炎

Hepatitis C is a virus that affects your liver. It is spread by direct blood contact such...

Jaundice in babies

Jaundice in babies is common. Signs of jaundice in a baby include yellow skin, yellow eyes, fatigue...

Breathlessness (Dyspnoea)

Breathlessness is shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing. It can happen for a number of reasons, including:...

细支气管炎

Bronchiolitis is a common type of viral chest infection. It usually happens in babies under 12 months...

慢性阻塞性肺病(COPD)

COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, describes a range of lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, non-reversible...

囊性纤维化

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition that mostly affects your lungs, pancreas and sweat glands. It causes...

终末期呼吸系统疾病

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

吸入装置

You may need to use a medicine called an ‘inhaled medicine’. These types of medicines can only be delivered using...

儿童持续性咳嗽

A cough is a very common symptom in children. It can be caused by many different things....

肺炎

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection caused by a bacteria or virus. It can affect one or...

呼吸急促行动计划

The Shortness of Breath Action Plan shows different ways to manage your breathlessness. It is completed with...

矽肺病

Silica is a common mineral which can be found in bricks, tiles and concrete. Silica can become...

哮咳(百日咳)

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a life-threatening infection in vulnerable people. Symptoms are similar to...

腕管综合征

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. The pinched nerve causes a...

掌腱膜挛缩症

Dupuytren’s Contracture happens when the skin under your hand slowly thickens and gets tight. This can force...

神经节囊肿

Ganglia are small cysts, they are also known as ganglion cysts. They look like small bumps and...

中风

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. There are two main types...

短暂性脑缺血发作 (TIA)

A Transient Ischaemic Attack, also known as a TIA, is a minor stroke. It occurs when blood...

ADHD in adults

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder that affects how people behave. People with ADHD...

ADHD in children

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that affects how people behave. Children with ADHD may...

Autism in adults

What is autism in adults? Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with...

Autism in children

Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with others. Signs...

Chronic Fatigue

Chronic fatigue syndrome (myalgic encephalitis) is a chronic disease that can affect many of the bodies systems....

痴呆症

What is dementia? Dementia causes a decline in brain function. It affects parts of the brain like memory, thinking, learning,...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

It is important to plan for a healthy pregnancy if you have epilepsy. Most women with epilepsy...

轻度认知障碍

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up...

Respiratory muscle weakness

Respiratory muscle weakness can be a serious problem for people who live with neuromuscular disease. The most...

胎记(婴儿血管瘤)

An infantile haemangioma is the most common type of birthmark in babies. They often appear a few...

Jaundice in babies

Jaundice in babies is common. Signs of jaundice in a baby include yellow skin, yellow eyes, fatigue...

Newborn checks

Newborn checks are routine assessments of all infants at 1 to 4 weeks of life, and 6...

Preterm and low birth weight

Preterm infants are born before 37 weeks of gestation. Low-birth-weight infants are babies weighing under 2500g at...

Tounge-tie

Tongue-tie is a condition which is present at birth. It is when the band which connects the...

脐疝

An umbilical hernia is a lump under the belly button. You might find it after the baby...

Unsettled or crying baby

It is very common for a baby to cry a lot during the first 12 months. This...

Before entering residential aged care

Before entering residential aged care it is important for your GP to look at in home support...

带状疱疹

Shingles is an infection. It is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles is most common...

背痛

Back pain is the term for pain felt in the spine or back. It can be mild...

慢性疼痛

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than expected. It usually occurs after an injury or disease....

脚部疼痛

Foot pain can affect the toes, midfoot, ankles, arches and heel. There are many types and causes...

成人头痛

Headaches are very common and usually not concerning. Many people can treat their headache with over-the-counter pain...

脚趾甲内长

Ingrown toenails occur when your toenail grows into the skin of the toe. They are most common...

膝部疼痛

Knee pain is pain you can feel in the knee joint or around the knee. Knee pain...

治疗急性疼痛的药物

There are two main types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain starts suddenly and is usually...

胫骨疼痛

The shin bone (tibia) is the large bone at the front of the lower leg. Shin pain...

肩痛

Shoulder pain is very common. It is a sign that all or part of your shoulder is...

扳机指

What is trigger finger? Trigger finger happens when your finger is hard to straighten after bending. You might notice a...

妊娠期贫血

Anaemia means you don’t have enough red blood cells in your blood. It’s often caused by low...

Antenatal care

Antenatal care refers to the regular appointments and tests you have during your pregnancy. You’ll need to...

产前筛查

A fetal anomaly, sometimes called a birth defect, is when there is a change to part of...

妊娠期哮喘

If you have asthma and are pregnant, your asthma control can change. Some women have an increase...

剖腹产后分娩

For women who have had one or more caesarean sections in the past, you may have the...

妊娠中后期出血

Mid-late pregnancy is any time from 20 weeks to full term. Bleeding can happen for many reasons....

Rh阴性血女性出血

The four major blood types are A, B, AB and O. Each of these are either rhesus...

应对妊娠失败

What will my healthcare team do? Your healthcare team can answer many of the medical questions you may have regarding...

糖尿病和怀孕

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. Without...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

It is important to plan for a healthy pregnancy if you have epilepsy. Most women with epilepsy...

Factor V leiden in pregnancy

Factor V Leiden is a gene mutation. It can increase your chance of developing an abnormal blood...

胎动

Fetal movements is a term that refers to the baby’s movements in the womb during pregnancy. Your...

妊娠糖尿病

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

妊娠剧吐

Around 72% of pregnant women experience nausea with or without vomiting during pregnancy. Usually it starts between...

妊娠高血压和妊娠毒血症

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia are health concerns that can affect pregnant women at any stage. Hypertension...

免疫接种和怀孕

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

改善母乳供应

Sometimes, women have a low breastmilk supply after birth. There are many reasons why a woman’s breast...

药物终止妊娠

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

孕期和母乳喂养期间的药物

Most medicines are safe to take at the recommended dose while breast feeding. Tell your doctor if...

精神健康与怀孕

Pregnancy can be an emotional time for many women. It’s not uncommon for pregnant women to experience...

流产

What is miscarriage? A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that occurs within the fi­rst 20 weeks. This is usually confirmed...

妊娠肥胖症

It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy. However, being overweight or obese before pregnancy, or putting...

Options for pregnancy care

In South Western Sydney, there are five main types of pregnancy care. You have a say in your pregnancy care...

会阴撕裂随访

It is common for women to have some form of tear during a vaginal birth. A tear...

计划生孩子

If you’re planning to have a baby, it’s important to see your GP for a pre-conception visit...

产后护理

After you have a baby, you should see your GP soon after. They will check your body...

糖尿病女性孕前计划

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

怀孕和体重增加

During pregnancy, some weight gain is normal. How much weight you gain depends on what you weighed...

生育能力低下

Subfertility is when a person finds it hard to fall pregnant.   Eight in ten couples who...

妊娠甲状腺疾病

Your thyroid gland is located in your neck, near the base of your throat. It makes hormones...

意外怀孕

An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not planned. A chance pregnancy brings up a lot...

结肠镜检查

A colonoscopy uses a long, snake like tube with a light and camera to look inside the...

以标准为依据的出院流程

Many people find hospital a worrying and confusing time. Not knowing when they will leave the hospital...

扩宫和刮宫术

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

铁剂治疗

Iron therapy is when you get iron injected into your vein through an intravenous (IV) infusion. Your...

腹腔镜胆囊切除术

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder and gallstones by keyhole surgery. Sometimes, the surgeon...

药物终止妊娠

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

锁孔手术后恢复

What is keyhole surgery? Laparoscopic, or keyhole surgery, involves 3-4 small incisions (cuts) up to 1cm long in the abdomen...

手术终止妊娠

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Weight management surgery

 Weight management surgery refers to a surgical intervention designed to reduce the size of the stomach to...

女性急性盆腔疼痛

What is acute pelvic pain? Acute pelvic pain is soreness that’s felt in your lower stomach area. The pain may...

衣原体疾病

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. It’s caused by bacteria. You get chlamydia by having unprotected...

接触者追踪

You’ve just found out you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There’s a lot going through your...

Emergency contraception

What is emergency contraception? Emergency contraception is used to reduce the risk of pregnancy after unprotected sex. It is made...

睾丸附睾炎

Epididymo-orchitis is the painful swelling of the testes and the tubes attached to each testicle. It is...

Genital ulcers

Genital ulcers are small sores on your penis, vagina or anus. They can be caused by infections...

生殖器疣

Genital warts, or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), is a sexually transmitted infection caused by strains of the...

淋病

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. Common symptoms include genital discharge, pain when urinating...

疱疹

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. As many as one...

HIV暴露

People can become exposed to HIV in several ways. This may be from unprotected sex, sharing needles...

艾滋病毒携带者

Living with HIV is the term used to describe people who are HIV-positive. Over the last three...

Permanent contraception (Steralisation)

Permanent contraception stops a person from being able to reproduce. There is an option for people with...

HIV暴露前预防(PrEP)

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medication that greatly reduces the risk of getting HIV. PrEP is recommended...

性健康

What is sexual health? Sexual health is an important part of your health and wellbeing. Your physical, mental and emotional...

性健康筛检

What is sexual health screening? Sexual health screening is testing for one or more sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You might...

梅毒

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It’s a bacterial infection that spreads by having unprotected sex or...

Transgender health

What is being transgender? Your gender is what you think of yourself as and feel comfortable with. This could be...

男性尿道分泌物

Urethral discharge is when fluid leaks from the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis....

痤疮

Acne is a condition causing spots and painful bumps on the skin, also known as pimples. Acne...

蜂窝织炎

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection. The infected area may be swollen, red, hot and tender. Common...

鸡眼和老茧

Corns and calluses are patches of thick, hard skin. They usually form on feet and toes but...

湿疹(特应性皮炎)

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is dry and irritated skin. Eczema often appears on the face, neck,...

风疹(荨麻疹)

Hives (urticaria) is a type of itchy skin rash. The raised bumps (wheals) appear when skin cells...

瘙痒

Pruritus is the medical word for itchy skin. There are many reasons why your skin can itch....

牛皮癣

Psoriasis is a type of skin condition that usually appears as an elevated round or oval patch...

儿童皮疹

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

疥疮

Scabies is a skin problem. It is caused by tiny mites. They burrow into the skin and...

怀孕期间的皮肤疾病

What are skin conditions in pregnancy? During pregnancy, your skin may change. It may become dry, red, itchy, darker, or...

疣和赘肉

What are warts/verrucas? Warts and plantar warts (verrucas) are small, hard lumps on the skin. They are caused by a...

Acute rheumatic fever

What is acute rheumatic fever? Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an illness that can be very severe. It can happen...

亲人去世后

After a loved one has died, your GP may sign a certificate that confirms the death. You...

护理石膏

How do I look after my cast? It is important to let the case fully dry. Arm plaster casts can...

Chickenpox and pregnancy

Chickenpox is an infectious disease. It is very contagious and anyone of any age can catch it....

Concussion

What is a concussion? A concussion is a type of mild traumatic brain injury. It happens when the head or...

Driving and vehicle assessment

If you have a medical condition that could affect your ability to drive safely, you will need...

医疗设备和低收入家庭的能源返款

What is an energy rebate? A rebate is a small refund on the cost of an item or service. The...

手臂和手部石膏运动

Why is this important? Your wrist has been put in a cast to stop it from moving so the bones...

食物过敏和不耐受

A food allergy is when the immune system responds to an allergen (an ingredient that is usually harmless)...

中暑

What is heatstroke? Heatstroke happens when your body gets too hot. It is more common in summer due to the...

甲状腺机能亢进

Hyperthyroidism is due to an overactive thyroid. The thyroid is a gland in the neck. It makes...

甲状腺机能减退

Hypothyroidism is when you have an underactive thyroid, causing it to produce lower than normal amounts of...

机动车事故

If you are injured in a motor vehicle accident in NSW, the compulsory third party (CTP) Green...

器官和组织捐赠

Organ and tissue donation is the process of donating your organs and tissues to people who are...

Physical activity in adults

What is physical activity in adults? It is important to keep active as an adult. Being active reduces your risk...

多重用药

Polypharmacy is when people are taking five or more medications each day. These can be prescribed, over...

为热浪做好准备

What is a heatwave? A heatwave is when there are more than three days in a row with a temperature...

重返工作岗位

Returning to work after an illness or injury can be challenging, but your GP can help. Returning...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

睡眠卫生

Sleep hygiene means good sleep habits – the things you can do to give yourself the best...

Subclinical hyperthyroidism

What is subclinical hyperthyroidism? Subclinical hyperthyroidism is when a person has a low amount of thyroid stimulating hormone. It usually...

Support for carers

Caring for someone can be a challenging task. Many people provide informal support for friends or family...

旅行健康建议

When you travel, it is important to think about your health. This is especially true if you...

Your healthcare journey

You are the centre of your healthcare journey You are the best person to be in charge of your own...

Biliary scan

What is a biliary scan? A Biliary scan is a test to detect certain diseases of the gall bladder. It...

Bone scan

What is a bone scan? A bone scan is useful in diagnosing and assessing a wide range of bone and...

Colon transit scan

A Colon Transit scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gallium scan

A Gallium Scan is a test that is used to detect a number of diseases including infections,...

Gastric emptying scan

A Gastric Emptying Scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gated heart pool scan

A gated heart pool scan looks at how well the heart is pumping. It may be performed...

肝脾扫描

A Liver-Spleen scan is a test to examine the liver and/or the spleen for abnormalities. This test...

Lung (V/Q) scan

A lung (V/Q) scan is also known as a lung ventilation and perfusion scan. This test is...

MIBG scan

An MIBG Scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

心肌灌注扫描

A Myocardial Perfusion Scan (also known as a Sestamibi Scan) is a test to examine the blood...

奥曲肽扫描

An Octreotide scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

口服葡萄糖耐受性测试

What is an oral glucose tolerance test? An oral glucose tolerance test, or OGTT, is a test that looks at...

甲状旁腺扫描

A Parathyroid scan is a test to identify and localise overactive parathyroid gland(s). What do I...

粪便潜血检查阳性结果

  A Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) looks for blood in your bowel motion (poo). A positive result...

Positron emission tomography scan

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) detects and measures glucose metabolism within the body. PET scans can diagnose certain...

Radioiodine total body search

A Radioiodine Total Body Search detects the presence of residual thyroid tissue or cancer spread in patients...

RBC(红细胞)肝脏扫描

Liver masses are often found by other tests such as ultrasound or CT scans. An RBC Liver...

Renal cortex scan

A renal cortex scan is also known as a DSMA renal scan. The scan examines the functioning...

Renal scan

A renal scan looks at kidney blood flow and function. It can give information that cannot be...

自我监测血糖

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended for all people with type 1 diabetes. It is also recommended...

前哨淋巴结扫描

What is a sentinel lymph node? Lymph is fluid that escapes from blood vessels into the tissues. It travels in...

皮肤活检

A skin biopsy is a quick and simple procedure that removes a small sample of skin for...

甲状腺扫描

A thyroid scan shows the function and structure of the thyroid gland. It can give information not...

超声波

An ultrasound scan creates a real-time picture of the inside of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound...

白细胞扫描

A white blood cell scan is a test used to detect areas of infection in the body...

透析

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body. They remove waste products that could harm your vital...

木槌手指夹板

A mallet splint is designed to keep your finger tip in an over-extended position to allow the...

Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Abnormal vaginal bleeding includes intermenstrual bleeding, postcoital bleeding, and postmenopausal bleeding. These are symptoms, not a diagnosis....

异常阴道分泌物

Vaginal discharge is a fluid that comes out of your vagina. It is normally clear or white....

Absent periods (Amenorrhoea)

Periods happen as part of the natural menstrual cycle. They usually happen every month. It is normal...

乳房肿胀

Breast engorgement is swelling of the breast. It may happen when you start breastfeeding and can also...

慢性盆腔疼痛

Chronic pelvic pain is abdominal and/or pelvic pain that has lasted for at least 6 months. It...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is an inflammatory illness with lesions of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus. It can cause pelvic...

月经量过多

Heavy menstrual bleeding means a heavy period. This can affect a woman’s quality of life. Most menstrual...

长效避孕药

Long-acting contraceptives are birth-control devices that stay in your body for a long time (from one month...

乳腺炎和乳腺脓肿

Mastitis is swelling in the breast. Most times, it is caused by an infection. It usually happens...

药物终止妊娠

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

更年期

Menopause is defined as not having a period for more than a year in a non-pregnant woman....

Ovarian masses (Cysts)

Ovarian masses (cysts) are fluid-filled sacs that appear in the ovary. The most common types of cysts...

盆腔炎性疾病

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection of your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This infection may...

盆腔器官脱垂

Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more pelvic organs bulge into the vagina. This happens when...

Period pain (Dysmennorrhea)

Dysmenorrhoea means a painful period. It is common but often under-diagnosed or treated. It can make life...

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

  Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder. It often affects young women’s metabolism and...

绝经后出血

Postmenopausal bleeding is any bleeding from the vagina that happens after menopause. Around one in ten women...

糖尿病女性孕前计划

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

经前期综合征(PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the physical and psychological symptoms that happen each menstrual cycle. They happen during the...

短效避孕药

Short-acting contraceptives prevent pregnancies but are either single use or only last for a short time. The...

Sore, tender and damaged nipples

Nipple pain is common in the early days of breastfeeding. It generally improves after the first few...

鹅口疮(外阴阴道念珠菌病)

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection in the vagina. It is caused by a growth of candida...

阴道子宫托

A vaginal pessary is a removable device that is put into the vagina. It is used to...

外阴痛

Vulvodynia is long lasting pain of the vulva without an obvious cause. It can include burning, stinging,...

烧伤

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

腿部溃疡

A leg ulcer is a wound on the leg or ankle. The wound is usually caused by...

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