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轻度认知障碍

这是什么?

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up to 20% of people aged 65 years or older. You may notice your mind isn’t as sharp as it used to be. People who are close to you may notice this, too. Mood changes are also common.

Mild cognitive impairment can be caused by many factors, such as infection and medication side effects. In some cases it may resolve by itself. Your GP will work with you to make a plan.

Around 10-15% of people will go on to have dementia. There is no cure for dementia, but there are healthy lifestyle changes that can help support your brain health as you age. Your GP can talk to you about these changes and your options.

 

 

  • Common Symptoms

  • Forgetting things more often than usual

  • Losing your train of thought

  • Feeling overwhelmed by making decisions

  • Struggling to follow instructions

  • Being more impulsive than you normally are

家庭医生会做些什么?

Your GP may assess your health and try to find the cause of your symptoms. They may aim to exclude any other issues. Some medications and side effects can make brain function worse. Your GP may review what you are taking and suggest other options. Your GP may also arrange tests to check your brain function.

 

家庭医生将来会做些什么?

Your GP may want to see you every six to 12 months to check your health and symptoms. If your symptoms are not getting any better, or if you get more symptoms, your GP may suggest tests or refer you to a specialist. If you are worried about your brain health, you can always see your GP earlier.

Your GP may also talk to you about dementiaadvance care planning.

 

我能做些什么?

Living a healthy lifestyle will help you to keep your brain healthy. One of the best things you can do is to work out at least twice a week. Looking after your health as you age is vital. Some things you can do include:

  • 吃健康的饮食
  • Limit drinking and quit smoking
  • Stay social, and see people close to you
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Get eight hours of sleep each night
  • Reduce stress
  • Train your brain with puzzles and quizzes, or by learning a new skill (like a language or an instrument)
  • Have check-ups with your GP
  • Keep your blood pressure within the normal range

我可以问医生什么问题?

  • How can I maintain my brain function?
  • What medicine(s) do I need to stop taking?
  • Will I develop dementia?
  • What might be causing my cognitive impairment?
  • 我有任何其他并发症的风险吗?
  • How much exercise should I do every day?

在哪里可以了解更多信息?

  • 更好的健康频道

    痴呆症:安全问题

  • 澳大利亚痴呆症协会

    轻度认知障碍

  • 国际痴呆症护理协会

    主页

  • 痴呆症合作研究中心

    家庭照顾者指南:应对痴呆症患者的行为

  • 澳大利亚痴呆症支持服务

    主页

  • TEDGlobal

    如何为患上阿尔茨海默症做准备

重要须知: 本信息供获得医生诊断的人浏览。本信息不旨在用于诊断疾病或替代持续的医疗护理。

健康资源目录信息单获得悉尼西南区PHN的社区顾问委员会和本地家庭医生的认可。

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