What is it?

Prepatellar bursitis is a type of knee injury that occurs when the bursa, in the front of the kneecap, becomes inflamed. Prepatellar bursitis is also known as housemaid’s knee or carpenter’s knee. This condition can be caused by:

  • Falling on the kneecap
  • Pressure from repetitive kneeling or friction on the knee
  • Minor injuries
  • An underlying condition, like gout or arthritis

Prepatellar bursitis can be common in people who work on their knees for a long time, like miners, gardeners, carpet layers and cleaners. Symptoms include pain, swelling and redness. Prepatellar bursitis may get infected. Treatment usually involves rest, ice, elevation and reducing any activities that involve kneeling. Your GP will assess your prepatellar bursitis and determine the most suitable treatment plan for you.