Domestic and family abuse and violence

Domestic and family violence can take many forms. This type of violence does not discriminate and can impact anyone, creating fear and anxiety in families. This page has information and supports for people and their loved ones about domestic abuse and violence.

Domestic violence safety planning

If you are at risk of domestic and family violence, you can take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones in case of an emergency. This is safety planning. This page includes information about how to safely leave a bad situation and supports for you and your loved ones.

Sexual assault

Sexual assault encompasses any sexual behavior that makes someone feel uncomfortable, frightened, intimidated, or threatened. Consent is key, and any sexual assault is a serious crime. This page has information about sexual assault and includes support options.

Antipsychotic medications

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition. It is when a person cannot tell the difference between...

Anxiety

Anxiety is when you feel anxious or stressed without a clear reason. It is the most common...

Bereavement, grief and loss

Bereavement is the process of coping with the death of a family member or close friend. If...

Depression

Depression is a mental health condition that affects your mood. One in six people will experience depression...

Mental health during a disaster

What is a disaster? A disaster can include heatwaves, bushfires, droughts, floods, severe storms and tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis and...

Problem gambling

Some people can gamble responsibly, but others find it hard to stop. Gambling becomes a problem when...

Self harm

Self harm is when someone purposely hurts a part of their body. Some common forms of self-harm...

Suicidal thoughts

Sometimes, people have thoughts about wanting to harm themselves or end their life. These thoughts may occur...

Abnormal bleeding or bruising

What is abnormal bleeding or bruising? It’s normal to bruise or bleed after an injury. Abnormal bleeding or bruising is...

Anaemia

Anaemia is when your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. This reduces the oxygen...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is a type of blood clot that forms in a deep vein (not a...

Haemochromatosis

Haemochromatosis causes the body to absorb too much iron from food. The condition is genetic, which means...

Hypertension

What is hypertension? Hypertension is the medical name for high blood pressure. High blood pressure means your blood is pumping...

Iron deficiency anaemia

Iron deficiency anaemia is a type of anaemia caused by a lack of iron. You need iron...

Pulmonary embolism

A pulmonary embolism is when a blood clot blocks the arteries that supply blood to the lungs....

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Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It is also called colorectal cancer. Cancer...

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus. Most women who get this type of cancer...

Family risk of breast or ovarian cancer

Around five percent of breast cancers and 15 percent of ovarian cancers are due to a family...

Family risk of colorectal or endometrial cancer

A family history of other cancers may increase your risk of developing colorectal or endometrial cancer. This page contains information about the familial risk of cancer and provides support options for families.

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. In people with liver cancer,...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the lungs. In Australia, more people die...

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer. At affects the lymphatic system. The two main types are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This page includes information about lymphoma, including how your care may look and what supports you can access.

Melanoma

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It develops in the skin cells and usually occurs on the parts of the body that have been overexposed to the sun. This page has information about about melanoma and includes links to different supports for people who have this type of cancer.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. In people with this type of cancer, cells...

Breast cancer screening

Screening for breast cancer is your best chance for detecting breast cancer early. It involves having a screening two years from the age of 50 (or earlier if your GP advises it). This page includes information about what may happen during a breast screen and lists supports.

Anxiety disorders in children and young people

An anxiety disorder is when we often feel very anxious. This can be anxious about something specific...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Behavioural Disorders in Children and Young People

A behavioural disorder is when a child has difficulty with their emotions and behaviours. Their behaviour can...

Compulsive disorders in children and young people

A compulsive disorder is when a person has repeated unwanted thoughts or the need to repeat a...

Depressive and bipolar disorders in children and young people

A depressive disorder is when a person has low mood, less interest or enjoyment in activities and...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Psychotic disorders in children and young people

Getting a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder will depend how long, how bad and in what ways...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a type of arthritis that develops in a child aged 16 or younger....

Obstructive sleep apnoea in children

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Weight management in children

Weight management in children is about making long-term changes that support a healthy lifestyle. The goal is...

Diabetes and diet

Diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for diabetes, because...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. Without...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes foot screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Diabetes medications

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels....

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia is low blood sugar and it’s one of the most common problems related to diabetes. Taking...

Pre-diabetes

After you eat, your body breaks down food into glucose, a type of sugar. A hormone called...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that...

Type 2 diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes? Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. After you eat, your body breaks...

Benefits of exercise

It can sometimes seem too hard to exercise, with time, money, tiredness and other factors getting in the way. However,...

Maintaining healthy behaviour change

Sometimes getting the motivation to change our lifestyle is easy but actually making that change and sticking with it can...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Planning to lose weight

Being overweight or obese can have an impact on your health, but even small amounts of weight...

Quitting smoking

Smoking is the greatest cause of preventable illness and death in Australia. Around two-thirds of long-term smokers...

Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal drug in Australia for people over the age of 18. However, alcohol use...

Cannabis

Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in Australia. It is used in three main forms:...

Medicinal Cannabis

Medicinal cannabis comes from the cannabis plant (also called marijuana). Most medicinal cannabis contains cannabidiol (CBD) and...

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine, also known as 'crystal meth' or 'ice,' is a stimulant. It is illegal. This page has information about methamphetamine and includes links to different supports for people who want to stop taking this illegal drug.

Opioids

There are many types of opioids, including prescription opioids such as morphine and illegal opioids such as...

Safe injecting practices

What should I do? People who inject drugs can place themselves at risk of HIV, hepatitis C and other blood...

Obstructive sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Advance care planning

What is advance care planning? Advance care planning is for people at any age. It is making a plan for...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Managing the final stages of dying

Managing the final stages of dying involves careful planning. It’s important the person’s wishes are respected. As...

Palliative care

What is palliative care? Palliative care is a specific type of care for people who have a life-limiting illness. Palliative...

Palliative care pain management

More than 65% of palliative care patients experience a form of pain from mild to severe, depending...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Sleep disturbance in palliative care

People nearing the end of their lives may have trouble sleeping. There are many reasons why sleep...

Voluntary assisted dying in NSW

What is voluntary assisted dying? Voluntary assisted dying (VAD) means a person can ask for medical help to end their...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency means you don’t have enough vitamin B12 in your body. Our bodies need vitamin...

Chest pain

Chest pain can feel like a dull ache, a sharp stab, or a crushing or burning sensation....

Heart failure

Heart failure is when your heart can’t pump enough blood to the rest of your body. The...

Immunisation

Immunisation is the process of getting a vaccine against a serious disease. Vaccines work by producing an...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Influenza immunisation

The influenza (flu) vaccine protects against the flu. The vaccine helps reduce the risk of getting sick...

Ankle fractures

An ankle fracture is a broken ankle. Fractures can be thin cracks or complete breaks that shatter....

Ankle sprain

An ankle sprain is an ankle injury caused by rolling, twisting or straining the ankle. An ankle...

Burns

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

Clavicle fracture

A clavicle fracture is a break in the collar bone. Your collar bone is one of the...

Hand fractures

A hand fracture is a break in a bone in the hand (metacarpal fracture) or fingers (phalanx...

Lacerations (Cuts)

A laceration is a deep cut to the skin or flesh. In some cases, your GP can...

Prepatellar bursitis (Housemaid’s knee)

Prepatellar bursitis is a type of knee injury that occurs when the bursa, in the front of...

Scaphoid fractures

A scaphoid fracture is a break in one of the bones in your wrist. They usually happen...

Shoulder dislocation and instability

What is shoulder dislocation and instability? A shoulder dislocation is when the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder...

Acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury is a form of kidney damage that occurs quickly, over a few hours to...

Blood in urine (Haematuria)

Haematuria is when there is blood in the urine. It can be: Visible: It is possible to...

Chronic kidney disease

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body, removing waste products that can harm your organs. If...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)

Kidney infections happen when bacteria enters your body via the urethra (the tube you pass urine through)....

Proteinuria

Proteinuria is the medical name for protein in the urine. There is usually a small amount of...

Fatty liver disease

Healthy livers have very little or no fat in them. But if you drink too much alcohol,...

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver. The virus is spread through body fluids such...

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a virus that affects your liver. It is spread by direct blood contact such...

Breathlessness (Dyspnoea)

Breathlessness is shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing. It can happen for a number of reasons, including:...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, describes a range of lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, non-reversible...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection caused by a bacteria or virus. It can affect one or...

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. The pinched nerve causes a...

Dupuytren’s contracture

Dupuytren’s Contracture happens when the skin under your hand slowly thickens and gets tight. This can force...

Ganglia

Ganglia are small cysts, they are also known as ganglion cysts. They look like small bumps and...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. There are two main types...

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

A Transient Ischaemic Attack, also known as a TIA, is a minor stroke. It occurs when blood...

ADHD in children

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that affects how people behave. Children with ADHD may...

Autism in children

Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with others. Signs...

Dementia

What is dementia? Dementia causes a decline in brain function. It affects parts of the brain like memory, thinking, learning,...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

It is important to plan for a healthy pregnancy if you have epilepsy. Most women with epilepsy...

Mild cognitive impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up...

Birthmark (Infantile haemangioma)

An infantile haemangioma is the most common type of birthmark in babies. They often appear a few...

Back pain

Back pain is the term for pain felt in the spine or back. It can be mild...

Chronic pain

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than expected. It usually occurs after an injury or disease....

Ingrown toenail

Ingrown toenails occur when your toenail grows into the skin of the toe. They are most common...

Knee pain

Knee pain is pain you can feel in the knee joint or around the knee. Knee pain...

Medication for acute pain

There are two main types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain starts suddenly and is usually...

Shin pain

The shin bone (tibia) is the large bone at the front of the lower leg. Shin pain...

Trigger finger

What is trigger finger? Trigger finger happens when your finger is hard to straighten after bending. You might notice a...

Anaemia in pregnancy

Anaemia means you don’t have enough red blood cells in your blood. It’s often caused by low...

Antenatal screening

A fetal anomaly, sometimes called a birth defect, is when there is a change to part of...

Asthma in pregnancy

If you have asthma and are pregnant, your asthma control can change. Some women have an increase...

Birth after caesarean section

For women who have had one or more caesarean sections in the past, you may have the...

Bleeding in mid-late pregnancy

Mid-late pregnancy is any time from 20 weeks to full term. Bleeding can happen for many reasons....

Bleeding in rhesus negative women

The four major blood types are A, B, AB and O. Each of these are either rhesus...

Coping with pregnancy loss

What will my healthcare team do? Your healthcare team can answer many of the medical questions you may have regarding...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. Without...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

It is important to plan for a healthy pregnancy if you have epilepsy. Most women with epilepsy...

Factor V leiden in pregnancy

Factor V Leiden is a gene mutation. It can increase your chance of developing an abnormal blood...

Fetal movements

Fetal movements is a term that refers to the baby’s movements in the womb during pregnancy. Your...

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia are health concerns that can affect pregnant women at any stage. Hypertension...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Miscarriage

What is miscarriage? A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that occurs within the fi­rst 20 weeks. This is usually confirmed...

Obesity in pregnancy

It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy. However, being overweight or obese before pregnancy, or putting...

Options for pregnancy care

In South Western Sydney, there are five main types of pregnancy care. You have a say in your pregnancy care...

Perineal tear follow up

It is common for women to have some form of tear during a vaginal birth. A tear...

Planning to have a baby

If you’re planning to have a baby, it’s important to see your GP for a pre-conception visit...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

Thyroid disease in pregnancy

Your thyroid gland is located in your neck, near the base of your throat. It makes hormones...

Unintended pregnancy

An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not planned. A chance pregnancy brings up a lot...

Dilatation and curettage

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

Iron therapy

Iron therapy is when you get iron injected into your vein through an intravenous (IV) infusion. Your...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Surgical termination of pregnancy

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Acute pelvic pain in women

What is acute pelvic pain? Acute pelvic pain is soreness that’s felt in your lower stomach area. The pain may...

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. It’s caused by bacteria. You get chlamydia by having unprotected...

Contact tracing

You’ve just found out you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There’s a lot going through your...

Epididymo-orchitis

Epididymo-orchitis is the painful swelling of the testes and the tubes attached to each testicle. It is...

Genital warts

Genital warts, or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), is a sexually transmitted infection caused by strains of the...

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. Common symptoms include genital discharge, pain when urinating...

Herpes

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. As many as one...

HIV exposure

People can become exposed to HIV in several ways. This may be from unprotected sex, sharing needles...

Living with HIV

Living with HIV is the term used to describe people who are HIV-positive. Over the last three...

Permanent contraception (Steralisation)

Permanent contraception stops a person from being able to reproduce. There is an option for people with...

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV (PrEP)

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medication that greatly reduces the risk of getting HIV. PrEP is recommended...

Sexual health screening

What is sexual health screening? Sexual health screening is testing for one or more sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You might...

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It’s a bacterial infection that spreads by having unprotected sex or...

Urethral discharge in males

Urethral discharge is when fluid leaks from the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis....

Acne

Acne is a condition causing spots and painful bumps on the skin, also known as pimples. Acne...

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection. The infected area may be swollen, red, hot and tender. Common...

Corns and calluses

Corns and calluses are patches of thick, hard skin. They usually form on feet and toes but...

Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is dry and irritated skin. Eczema often appears on the face, neck,...

Hives (Urticaria)

Hives (urticaria) is a type of itchy skin rash. The raised bumps (wheals) appear when skin cells...

Pruritus

Pruritus is the medical word for itchy skin. There are many reasons why your skin can itch....

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a type of skin condition that usually appears as an elevated round or oval patch...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Skin conditions in pregnancy

What are skin conditions in pregnancy? During pregnancy, your skin may change. It may become dry, red, itchy, darker, or...

Warts and verrucas

What are warts/verrucas? Warts and plantar warts (verrucas) are small, hard lumps on the skin. They are caused by a...

After a loved one has died

After a loved one has died, your GP may sign a certificate that confirms the death. You...

Heatstroke

What is heatstroke? Heatstroke happens when your body gets too hot. It is more common in summer due to the...

Preparing for a heatwave

What is a heatwave? A heatwave is when there are more than three days in a row with a temperature...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Sleep hygiene

Sleep hygiene means good sleep habits – the things you can do to give yourself the best...

Oral glucose tolerance test

What is an oral glucose tolerance test? An oral glucose tolerance test, or OGTT, is a test that looks at...

Skin biopsy

A skin biopsy is a quick and simple procedure that removes a small sample of skin for...

Dialysis

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body. They remove waste products that could harm your vital...

Abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge is a fluid that comes out of your vagina. It is normally clear or white....

Long-acting contraceptives

Long-acting contraceptives are birth-control devices that stay in your body for a long time (from one month...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Ovarian masses (Cysts)

Ovarian masses (cysts) are fluid-filled sacs that appear in the ovary. The most common types of cysts...

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection of your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This infection may...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

Short-acting contraceptives

Short-acting contraceptives prevent pregnancies but are either single use or only last for a short time. The...

Burns

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

Leg ulcers

A leg ulcer is a wound on the leg or ankle. The wound is usually caused by...

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