Domestic and family abuse and violence

Domestic and family violence can take many forms. This type of violence does not discriminate and can impact anyone, creating fear and anxiety in families. This page has information and supports for people and their loved ones about domestic abuse and violence.

Domestic violence safety planning

If you are at risk of domestic and family violence, you can take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones in case of an emergency. This is safety planning. This page includes information about how to safely leave a bad situation and supports for you and your loved ones.

Elder abuse

Elder abuse is a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, within a relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person. This page has information about elder abuse to help support you and your loved ones.

Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation, or cutting (FGM/C) is a procedure that involves partial or total removal of, or injury to, the external female genitalia, for non-medical reasons. There are no health benefits. This page includes information about FGM/C and links to relevant supports.

Sexual assault

Sexual assault encompasses any sexual behavior that makes someone feel uncomfortable, frightened, intimidated, or threatened. Consent is key, and any sexual assault is a serious crime. This page has information about sexual assault and includes support options.

Antipsychotic medications

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition. It is when a person cannot tell the difference between...

Anxiety

Anxiety is when you feel anxious or stressed without a clear reason. It is the most common...

Bereavement, grief and loss

Bereavement is the process of coping with the death of a family member or close friend. If...

Depression

Depression is a mental health condition that affects your mood. One in six people will experience depression...

Digital mental health services

What is a digital mental health service? A digital mental health service is a service which is offered online or...

Eating disorders

Eating disorders are mental health conditions that cause a person to develop disordered or extreme eating habits....

Mental health during a disaster

What is a disaster? A disaster can include heatwaves, bushfires, droughts, floods, severe storms and tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis and...

Mental health treatment plan

A mental health treatment plan is written for people with mental ill-health. If you have mental health...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition. It is when a person experiences intense...

Problem gambling

Some people can gamble responsibly, but others find it hard to stop. Gambling becomes a problem when...

Psychosis

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition affecting the mind. People with psychosis can experience an altered...

Self harm

Self harm is when someone purposely hurts a part of their body. Some common forms of self-harm...

Suicidal thoughts

Sometimes, people have thoughts about wanting to harm themselves or end their life. These thoughts may occur...

Abnormal bleeding or bruising

What is abnormal bleeding or bruising? It’s normal to bruise or bleed after an injury. Abnormal bleeding or bruising is...

Anaemia

Anaemia is when your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. This reduces the oxygen...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is a type of blood clot that forms in a deep vein (not a...

Haemochromatosis

Haemochromatosis causes the body to absorb too much iron from food. The condition is genetic, which means...

Hypertension

What is hypertension? Hypertension is the medical name for high blood pressure. High blood pressure means your blood is pumping...

Iron deficiency anaemia

Iron deficiency anaemia is a type of anaemia caused by a lack of iron. You need iron...

Nose bleed (Epistaxis)

Epistaxis is another name for nose bleeds. It is a common problem in both children and adults....

Pulmonary embolism

A pulmonary embolism is when a blood clot blocks the arteries that supply blood to the lungs....

Sepsis

What is sepsis? Sepsis is life-threatening. It needs to be treated quickly. It happens when your body’s response to an...

Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis is an infection in a joint. Somehow bacteria has spread to the joint or bones...

Tetanus

What is tetanus? Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection. It happens when bacteria go into the body through a break...

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is swelling of the bone. It happens when germs (bacteria) spreads from the blood stream to...

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone that makes it weaker and more likely to fracture. There...

Acute leukaemia

Acute leukaemia is a type of blood cancer that develops quickly. If you have acute leukaemia, your...

Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It is also called colorectal cancer. Cancer...

Breast cancer follow up

Post-treatment follow up for breast cancer is vital. Your care team will monitor your recovery and catch any signs of recurrence early, ensuring the best possible outcomes. This page includes information about your follow-up care and includes supports.

Cancer support services

Coping with cancer is challenging. This page has support services for cancer patients, people living with cancer, their families and carers listed and includes information about local clinics.

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) is a type of blood and bone marrow cancer. The bone marrow is...

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus. Most women who get this type of cancer...

Familial cancer syndromes

A familial cancer syndrome is a rare disorder in which family members have a higher-than-average risk of developing a certain type or types of cancer. This page includes information about familial cancer syndrome and where you can find supports.

Family risk of breast or ovarian cancer

Around five percent of breast cancers and 15 percent of ovarian cancers are due to a family...

Family risk of colorectal or endometrial cancer

A family history of other cancers may increase your risk of developing colorectal or endometrial cancer. This page contains information about the familial risk of cancer and provides support options for families.

Head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancer is a general term used for different types of cancers that develop in...

Life after cancer

Regular check-ups with your GP will help ensure that you remain healthy and address any concerns post cancer treatment. This page includes information about how to live well after cancer and includes options for further support.

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. In people with liver cancer,...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the lungs. In Australia, more people die...

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer. At affects the lymphatic system. The two main types are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This page includes information about lymphoma, including how your care may look and what supports you can access.

Melanoma

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It develops in the skin cells and usually occurs on the parts of the body that have been overexposed to the sun. This page has information about about melanoma and includes links to different supports for people who have this type of cancer.

Multidisciplinary teams in cancer care

When you have been diagnosed with cancer, you will be cared for by a whole team of...

Myeloma

Myeloma, also called multiple myeloma, is a type of blood cancer affecting plasma cells. Plasma cells are...

Oesophageal cancer

Oesophageal cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells that line the oesophagus. The...

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. In people with this type of cancer, cells...

Bowel cancer screening

Bowel cancer screening aims to help detect signs of bowel cancer early. The National Bowel Cancer Screening program allows people aged between 45 and 74 to screen at home. This page has information about the program and links to find further supports.

Breast cancer screening

Screening for breast cancer is your best chance for detecting breast cancer early. It involves having a screening two years from the age of 50 (or earlier if your GP advises it). This page includes information about what may happen during a breast screen and lists supports.

Cervical cancer screening

The cervical screening test is a simple test done every 5 years to check for human papillomavirus (HPV). This is a common infection that can lead to cervical cancer. This page includes information about cervical cancer screening and links to supports.

Anxiety disorders in children and young people

An anxiety disorder is when we often feel very anxious. This can be anxious about something specific...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Behavioural Disorders in Children and Young People

A behavioural disorder is when a child has difficulty with their emotions and behaviours. Their behaviour can...

Compulsive disorders in children and young people

A compulsive disorder is when a person has repeated unwanted thoughts or the need to repeat a...

Depressive and bipolar disorders in children and young people

A depressive disorder is when a person has low mood, less interest or enjoyment in activities and...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Developmental milestones

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Digital mental health services

What is a digital mental health service? A digital mental health service is a service which is offered online or...

Psychotic disorders in children and young people

Getting a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder will depend how long, how bad and in what ways...

Temper tantrums

Temper tantrums, also known as tantrums, are emotional outbursts. If your child is having a tantrum, they...

BCG vaccination

What is a BCG vaccination? The BCG vaccine is the vaccine for tuberculosis, also known as TB. Tuberculosis is a...

Bedwetting (Enuresis)

Enuresis is involuntary bedwetting during sleep in a child under 5 years old. It is a common...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Developmental milestones

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Diabetes in children

Diabetes happens in children when the glucose level in their blood stays high. Everybody has glucose in...

Eczema in children

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition causing dry, itchy skin that can become...

Eye problems in children

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Foreign objects inhaled

It is very common for small children to put items in their mouths, and then potentially inhale...

Headaches in children

Headaches are a common pain syndrome seen in children, along with recurrent abdominal and leg pains. The...

Heart murmur in children

A heart murmur is when the blood flowing through the heart makes an extra noise. Normal heart...

Inguinal hernia (Lumps or swelling in children)

An inguinal hernia is a lump that occurs in the groin. Lumps in the groin area in...

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a type of arthritis that develops in a child aged 16 or younger....

Misshapen or flat head (Plagiocephaly)

Plagiocephaly (misshapen or flat head) is when a baby has an uneven or flat spot on their...

Neck lumps in children

It is very common for children to develop lumps in their necks. The most common cause is...

Obstructive sleep apnoea in children

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Pain relief for children

For children, treatment depends on the age of the child and cause of their pain. Common pain...

Penis and foreskin in children

The foreskin is the loose skin at the head of the penis. The foreskin usually won’t pull...

Persistent cough in children

A cough is a very common symptom in children. It can be caused by many different things....

Physical activity in children

Regular physical activity is essential for your child’s health, growth and development. Kids need to be active...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Short stature in children

A child with short stature is much shorter than other children of the same age. When a...

Temper tantrums

Temper tantrums, also known as tantrums, are emotional outbursts. If your child is having a tantrum, they...

Torticollis in infants

Torticollis is a when the neck muscles spasm and the neck twists to the side. It is...

Undescended Testes

Undescended testes is when a testicle hasn’t moved into the bag of skin below the penis (the...

Weight management in children

Weight management in children is about making long-term changes that support a healthy lifestyle. The goal is...

Diabetes and diet

Diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for diabetes, because...

Diabetes and driving

Patients with diabetes may be taking medication which increases the risk of high blood sugar while driving. ...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. Without...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes foot screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes in children

Diabetes happens in children when the glucose level in their blood stays high. Everybody has glucose in...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Diabetes medications

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels....

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia is low blood sugar and it’s one of the most common problems related to diabetes. Taking...

Pre-diabetes

After you eat, your body breaks down food into glucose, a type of sugar. A hormone called...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

Self-monitoring blood glucose

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended for all people with type 1 diabetes. It is also recommended...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that...

Type 2 diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes? Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. After you eat, your body breaks...

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is sometimes life threatening and is always a medical emergency. It is the worst kind of...

Benefits of exercise

It can sometimes seem too hard to exercise, with time, money, tiredness and other factors getting in the way. However,...

Maintaining healthy behaviour change

Sometimes getting the motivation to change our lifestyle is easy but actually making that change and sticking with it can...

Nutrition resources

Scroll down for recommended resources to guide you towards eating a healthier diet. 

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Planning to lose weight

Being overweight or obese can have an impact on your health, but even small amounts of weight...

Quitting smoking

Smoking is the greatest cause of preventable illness and death in Australia. Around two-thirds of long-term smokers...

Vitamin D deficiency in children

Vitamin D deficiency is common. If your child has a vitamin D deficiency it means they do...

Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal drug in Australia for people over the age of 18. However, alcohol use...

Cannabis

Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in Australia. It is used in three main forms:...

Cocaine, ecstasy, and other drugs

Cocaine and ecstasy are two commonly used illegal drugs. These drugs are damaging to your health and...

Medicinal Cannabis

Medicinal cannabis comes from the cannabis plant (also called marijuana). Most medicinal cannabis contains cannabidiol (CBD) and...

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is an illegal stimulant which is often called ‘crystal meth’ or ‘ice’. Methamphetamine gives you a...

Needle and syringe programs

Needle and syringe services in South Western Sydney Find your closest Needle and Syringe Program outlet below.

Opioid dependence treatment

Opioid dependence treatment is treatment for people who are dependent on opioids. Opioids are pain-relieving medications. There...

Opioids

There are many types of opioids, including prescription opioids such as morphine and illegal opioids such as...

Safe injecting practices

What should I do? People who inject drugs can place themselves at risk of HIV, hepatitis C and other blood...

Vaping

What is vaping? A vape is a small device also known as an electronic cigarette. They are not safe, and...

Ear Infection

Ear infection happens when fluid builds up behind the ear drum. This is the middle part of...

Obstructive sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Sinusitis

Sinusitis means infection or inflammation of the sinuses. Your sinuses are in your cheeks, forehead and around...

Tonsilitis

Tonsilitis is swelling of the tonsils. The tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of the mouth and...

Advance care planning

What is advance care planning? Advance care planning is for people at any age. It is making a plan for...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Managing the final stages of dying

Managing the final stages of dying involves careful planning. It’s important the person’s wishes are respected. As...

Palliative care

What is palliative care? Palliative care is a specific type of care for people who have a life-limiting illness. Palliative...

Palliative care pain management

More than 65% of palliative care patients experience a form of pain from mild to severe, depending...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Sleep disturbance in palliative care

People nearing the end of their lives may have trouble sleeping. There are many reasons why sleep...

Understanding the dying process

What happens when a person is dying? It is very difficult to predict exactly what will happen. Some people deteriorate...

Voluntary assisted dying in NSW

What is voluntary assisted dying? Voluntary assisted dying (VAD) means a person can ask for medical help to end their...

Cataracts

A cataract is when the lens in your eye becomes cloudy. Inside our eyes, we have a...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Eye Injury

An eye injury can happen due to an accident, sports injury, or if you get something in...

Eye problems in children

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Eyelid lesions

An eyelid lesion is a lump on the eyelid. They are common and can be painful or...

Mitochondrial disease

Mitochondrial disease is caused by a problem with one or more of the genes that make up...

Pterygium

Pterygium is a fleshy overgrowth on the surface of the eye. It is common and can affect...

Red eye

Redness of the eye is common. It can occur in one or both eyes. It happens when...

Vision loss

Vision loss means a person cannot see things like they used to, or they cannot see things...

Bowel polyps

A bowel polyp is an abnormal growth on the inside of the large bowel. Approximately 50% of...

Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disease. It happens when the immune system reacts badly to gluten. Gluten...

Constipation

Constipation is when you find it hard to empty your bowel (have a bowel movement). It will...

Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis (gastro) is a common condition which affects the gut. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain and...

Indigestion and reflux

When you chew and swallow food, it is pushed down into the stomach by different muscles. Sometimes,...

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is the name for two conditions. They are both caused by a problem...

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is when your gut is irritated. Around one in five Australian experience IBS...

Splenomegaly

The spleen is on the left side of the belly. It filters the blood and removes abnormal...

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency means you don’t have enough vitamin B12 in your body. Our bodies need vitamin...

Community health centres in South Western Sydney

A community health centre helps to improve or maintain the mental and physical health and wellbeing of people living in our community.

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

What is the Department of Veterans’ Affairs? The Department of Veterans’ Affairs is a government department that offers support for...

Disability support services

Disability support services are services that help people with disabilities, their families and carers. The Australian government...

Hospitals in South Western Sydney

A hospital is where you go for emergency care. They offer treatment to patients and have specialised staff and services. In South Western Sydney, there are six public hospitals and six private hospitals.

Multicultural services and translated resources

This page lists resources on many health conditions with translations for non-English speakers. Scroll down to find information from children’s...

My Health Record

What is My Health Record? My Health Record is a secure online summary of your health information. The record keeps...

Refugee health assessment for adults

A refugee health assessment is a detailed check of a person who has arrived in Australia as...

Triple I

Triple I is South Western Sydney Local Health District’s (SWSLHD) centralised Community Health intake service. It offers...

Cardiovascular disease

What is cardiovascular disease? Cardiovascular disease is a term for a range of diseases that affect the heart and blood...

Chest pain

Chest pain can feel like a dull ache, a sharp stab, or a crushing or burning sensation....

Heart failure

Heart failure is when your heart can’t pump enough blood to the rest of your body. The...

Heart murmur in children

A heart murmur is when the blood flowing through the heart makes an extra noise. Normal heart...

Measuring your blood pressure

What is measuring your blood pressure? Measuring your blood pressure at home is an easy way to help your GP...

Rheumatic heart disease

What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) happens when your heart is damaged by acute rheumatic fever (ARF)....

BCG vaccination

What is a BCG vaccination? The BCG vaccine is the vaccine for tuberculosis, also known as TB. Tuberculosis is a...

Immunisation

Immunisation is the process of getting a vaccine against a serious disease. Vaccines work by producing an...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Immunisation side effects

What is an immunisation side effect? Adverse Events Following Immunisation (AEFIs) is the term used to describe the medical issues...

Influenza immunisation

The influenza (flu) vaccine protects against the flu. The vaccine helps reduce the risk of getting sick...

Travel vaccination

Travel vaccinations are vaccines that protect against the serious diseases you may encounter when travelling overseas. Overseas...

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

What is COVID-19? COVID-19 is a type of virus. It was first detected in 2019. It is infectious and can...

Hand hygiene

What is hand hygiene? Hand hygiene is having clean hands. It means cleaning your hands with soap and water or an...

How to manage COVID-19 at home

Can I manage my COVID-19 at home? Most people can safely manage COVID-19 at home. This means if you get...

Measles

Measles is a viral disease that spreads easy and can cause severe problems. It remains a common...

Meningitis

What is meningitis? Meningitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. It is very rare but serious. If...

Rabies and bat lyssavirus

Rabies and Australian bat lyssavirus are viruses that spread through bites or scratches from infected animals. These...

Staphylococcal (Staph) infections

Staphylococcus aureus (or ‘staph’) and Group A streptococcus (GAS) are kinds of bacteria which can be found...

Zika virus

Zika is a virus that spreads through infected mosquito bites. It can also be sexually transmitted. In...

Ankle fractures

An ankle fracture is a broken ankle. Fractures can be thin cracks or complete breaks that shatter....

Ankle sprain

An ankle sprain is an ankle injury caused by rolling, twisting or straining the ankle. An ankle...

Burns

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

Clavicle fracture

A clavicle fracture is a break in the collar bone. Your collar bone is one of the...

Dislocated finger

A dislocated finger is a common hand injury. It happens when the bones in the finger are...

Foot and toe injuries

There are many things which can cause foot or toe pain and injury. Most foot and toe...

Hand fractures

A hand fracture is a break in a bone in the hand (metacarpal fracture) or fingers (phalanx...

Lacerations (Cuts)

A laceration is a deep cut to the skin or flesh. In some cases, your GP can...

Prepatellar bursitis (Housemaid’s knee)

Prepatellar bursitis is a type of knee injury that occurs when the bursa, in the front of...

Scaphoid fractures

A scaphoid fracture is a break in one of the bones in your wrist. They usually happen...

Shoulder dislocation and instability

What is shoulder dislocation and instability? A shoulder dislocation is when the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder...

Whiplash injuries

Whiplash happens when your head moves very quickly one way and then back again. It can happen...

Acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury is a form of kidney damage that occurs quickly, over a few hours to...

Blood in urine (Haematuria)

Haematuria is when there is blood in the urine. It can be: Visible: It is possible to...

Chronic kidney disease

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body, removing waste products that can harm your organs. If...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)

Kidney infections happen when bacteria enters your body via the urethra (the tube you pass urine through)....

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in the kidneys. They are common and can be...

Proteinuria

Proteinuria is the medical name for protein in the urine. There is usually a small amount of...

Urethritis

Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra (the tube which takes urine from the bladder to outside...

Urinary incontinence

  Urinary incontinence is the involuntary or accidental leakage of urine. This affects 30% to 50% of...

Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) happens when germs get into the urethra, bladder, vagina or kidneys. They...

Fatty liver disease

Healthy livers have very little or no fat in them. But if you drink too much alcohol,...

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver. The virus is spread through body fluids such...

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a virus that affects your liver. It is spread by direct blood contact such...

Jaundice in babies

Jaundice in babies is common. Signs of jaundice in a baby include yellow skin, yellow eyes, fatigue...

Breathlessness (Dyspnoea)

Breathlessness is shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing. It can happen for a number of reasons, including:...

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is a common type of viral chest infection. It usually happens in babies under 12 months...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, describes a range of lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, non-reversible...

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition that mostly affects your lungs, pancreas and sweat glands. It causes...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Inhaler devices

You may need to use a medicine called an ‘inhaled medicine’. These types of medicines can only be delivered using...

Persistent cough in children

A cough is a very common symptom in children. It can be caused by many different things....

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection caused by a bacteria or virus. It can affect one or...

Shortness of breath action plan

The Shortness of Breath Action Plan shows different ways to manage your breathlessness. It is completed with...

Silicosis

Silica is a common mineral which can be found in bricks, tiles and concrete. Silica can become...

Whooping cough (Pertussis)

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a life-threatening infection in vulnerable people. Symptoms are similar to...

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. The pinched nerve causes a...

Dupuytren’s contracture

Dupuytren’s Contracture happens when the skin under your hand slowly thickens and gets tight. This can force...

Ganglia

Ganglia are small cysts, they are also known as ganglion cysts. They look like small bumps and...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. There are two main types...

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

A Transient Ischaemic Attack, also known as a TIA, is a minor stroke. It occurs when blood...

ADHD in adults

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder that affects how people behave. People with ADHD...

ADHD in children

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that affects how people behave. Children with ADHD may...

Autism in adults

What is autism in adults? Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with...

Autism in children

Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with others. Signs...

Chronic Fatigue

Chronic fatigue syndrome (myalgic encephalitis) is a chronic disease that can affect many of the bodies systems....

Dementia

What is dementia? Dementia causes a decline in brain function. It affects parts of the brain like memory, thinking, learning,...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

It is important to plan for a healthy pregnancy if you have epilepsy. Most women with epilepsy...

Mild cognitive impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up...

Respiratory muscle weakness

Respiratory muscle weakness can be a serious problem for people who live with neuromuscular disease. The most...

Birthmark (Infantile haemangioma)

An infantile haemangioma is the most common type of birthmark in babies. They often appear a few...

Jaundice in babies

Jaundice in babies is common. Signs of jaundice in a baby include yellow skin, yellow eyes, fatigue...

Newborn checks

Newborn checks are routine assessments of all infants at 1 to 4 weeks of life, and 6...

Preterm and low birth weight

Preterm infants are born before 37 weeks of gestation. Low-birth-weight infants are babies weighing under 2500g at...

Tounge-tie

Tongue-tie is a condition which is present at birth. It is when the band which connects the...

Umbilical Hernia

An umbilical hernia is a lump under the belly button. You might find it after the baby...

Unsettled or crying baby

It is very common for a baby to cry a lot during the first 12 months. This...

Before entering residential aged care

Before entering residential aged care it is important for your GP to look at in home support...

Shingles

Shingles is an infection. It is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles is most common...

Back pain

Back pain is the term for pain felt in the spine or back. It can be mild...

Chronic pain

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than expected. It usually occurs after an injury or disease....

Foot pain

Foot pain can affect the toes, midfoot, ankles, arches and heel. There are many types and causes...

Headaches in adults

Headaches are very common and usually not concerning. Many people can treat their headache with over-the-counter pain...

Ingrown toenail

Ingrown toenails occur when your toenail grows into the skin of the toe. They are most common...

Knee pain

Knee pain is pain you can feel in the knee joint or around the knee. Knee pain...

Medication for acute pain

There are two main types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain starts suddenly and is usually...

Shin pain

The shin bone (tibia) is the large bone at the front of the lower leg. Shin pain...

Shoulder pain

Shoulder pain is very common. It is a sign that all or part of your shoulder is...

Trigger finger

What is trigger finger? Trigger finger happens when your finger is hard to straighten after bending. You might notice a...

Anaemia in pregnancy

Anaemia means you don’t have enough red blood cells in your blood. It’s often caused by low...

Antenatal care

Antenatal care refers to the regular appointments and tests you have during your pregnancy. You’ll need to...

Antenatal screening

A fetal anomaly, sometimes called a birth defect, is when there is a change to part of...

Asthma in pregnancy

If you have asthma and are pregnant, your asthma control can change. Some women have an increase...

Birth after caesarean section

For women who have had one or more caesarean sections in the past, you may have the...

Bleeding in mid-late pregnancy

Mid-late pregnancy is any time from 20 weeks to full term. Bleeding can happen for many reasons....

Bleeding in rhesus negative women

The four major blood types are A, B, AB and O. Each of these are either rhesus...

Coping with pregnancy loss

What will my healthcare team do? Your healthcare team can answer many of the medical questions you may have regarding...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. Without...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

It is important to plan for a healthy pregnancy if you have epilepsy. Most women with epilepsy...

Factor V leiden in pregnancy

Factor V Leiden is a gene mutation. It can increase your chance of developing an abnormal blood...

Fetal movements

Fetal movements is a term that refers to the baby’s movements in the womb during pregnancy. Your...

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hyperemesis gravidarum

Around 72% of pregnant women experience nausea with or without vomiting during pregnancy. Usually it starts between...

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia are health concerns that can affect pregnant women at any stage. Hypertension...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Improving breast milk supply

Sometimes, women have a low breastmilk supply after birth. There are many reasons why a woman’s breast...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Medicine in pregnancy and breastfeeding

Most medicines are safe to take at the recommended dose while breast feeding. Tell your doctor if...

Mental health and pregnancy

Pregnancy can be an emotional time for many women. It’s not uncommon for pregnant women to experience...

Miscarriage

What is miscarriage? A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that occurs within the fi­rst 20 weeks. This is usually confirmed...

Obesity in pregnancy

It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy. However, being overweight or obese before pregnancy, or putting...

Options for pregnancy care

In South Western Sydney, there are five main types of pregnancy care. You have a say in your pregnancy care...

Perineal tear follow up

It is common for women to have some form of tear during a vaginal birth. A tear...

Planning to have a baby

If you’re planning to have a baby, it’s important to see your GP for a pre-conception visit...

Postnatal care

After you have a baby, you should see your GP soon after. They will check your body...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

Pregnancy and weight gain

During pregnancy, some weight gain is normal. How much weight you gain depends on what you weighed...

Subfertility

Subfertility is when a person finds it hard to fall pregnant.   Eight in ten couples who...

Thyroid disease in pregnancy

Your thyroid gland is located in your neck, near the base of your throat. It makes hormones...

Unintended pregnancy

An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not planned. A chance pregnancy brings up a lot...

Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy uses a long, snake like tube with a light and camera to look inside the...

Criteria-led discharge

Many people find hospital a worrying and confusing time. Not knowing when they will leave the hospital...

Dilatation and curettage

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

Iron therapy

Iron therapy is when you get iron injected into your vein through an intravenous (IV) infusion. Your...

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder and gallstones by keyhole surgery. Sometimes, the surgeon...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Recovering from keyhole surgery

What is keyhole surgery? Laparoscopic, or keyhole surgery, involves 3-4 small incisions (cuts) up to 1cm long in the abdomen...

Surgical termination of pregnancy

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Weight management surgery

 Weight management surgery refers to a surgical intervention designed to reduce the size of the stomach to...

Acute pelvic pain in women

What is acute pelvic pain? Acute pelvic pain is soreness that’s felt in your lower stomach area. The pain may...

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. It’s caused by bacteria. You get chlamydia by having unprotected...

Contact tracing

You’ve just found out you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There’s a lot going through your...

Emergency contraception

What is emergency contraception? Emergency contraception is used to reduce the risk of pregnancy after unprotected sex. It is made...

Epididymo-orchitis

Epididymo-orchitis is the painful swelling of the testes and the tubes attached to each testicle. It is...

Genital ulcers

Genital ulcers are small sores on your penis, vagina or anus. They can be caused by infections...

Genital warts

Genital warts, or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), is a sexually transmitted infection caused by strains of the...

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. Common symptoms include genital discharge, pain when urinating...

Herpes

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. As many as one...

HIV exposure

People can become exposed to HIV in several ways. This may be from unprotected sex, sharing needles...

Living with HIV

Living with HIV is the term used to describe people who are HIV-positive. Over the last three...

Permanent contraception (Steralisation)

Permanent contraception stops a person from being able to reproduce. There is an option for people with...

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV (PrEP)

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medication that greatly reduces the risk of getting HIV. PrEP is recommended...

Sexual health

What is sexual health? Sexual health is an important part of your health and wellbeing. Your physical, mental and emotional...

Sexual health screening

What is sexual health screening? Sexual health screening is testing for one or more sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You might...

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It’s a bacterial infection that spreads by having unprotected sex or...

Transgender health

What is being transgender? Your gender is what you think of yourself as and feel comfortable with. This could be...

Urethral discharge in males

Urethral discharge is when fluid leaks from the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis....

Acne

Acne is a condition causing spots and painful bumps on the skin, also known as pimples. Acne...

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection. The infected area may be swollen, red, hot and tender. Common...

Corns and calluses

Corns and calluses are patches of thick, hard skin. They usually form on feet and toes but...

Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is dry and irritated skin. Eczema often appears on the face, neck,...

Hives (Urticaria)

Hives (urticaria) is a type of itchy skin rash. The raised bumps (wheals) appear when skin cells...

Pruritus

Pruritus is the medical word for itchy skin. There are many reasons why your skin can itch....

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a type of skin condition that usually appears as an elevated round or oval patch...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Scabies

Scabies is a skin problem. It is caused by tiny mites. They burrow into the skin and...

Skin conditions in pregnancy

What are skin conditions in pregnancy? During pregnancy, your skin may change. It may become dry, red, itchy, darker, or...

Warts and verrucas

What are warts/verrucas? Warts and plantar warts (verrucas) are small, hard lumps on the skin. They are caused by a...

Acute rheumatic fever

What is acute rheumatic fever? Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an illness that can be very severe. It can happen...

After a loved one has died

After a loved one has died, your GP may sign a certificate that confirms the death. You...

Caring for your cast

How do I look after my cast? It is important to let the case fully dry. Arm plaster casts can...

Chickenpox and pregnancy

Chickenpox is an infectious disease. It is very contagious and anyone of any age can catch it....

Concussion

What is a concussion? A concussion is a type of mild traumatic brain injury. It happens when the head or...

Driving and vehicle assessment

If you have a medical condition that could affect your ability to drive safely, you will need...

Energy rebates for medical equipment and low income households

What is an energy rebate? A rebate is a small refund on the cost of an item or service. The...

Exercises for arm and hand casts

Why is this important? Your wrist has been put in a cast to stop it from moving so the bones...

Food allergy and intolerance

A food allergy is when the immune system responds to an allergen (an ingredient that is usually harmless)...

Heatstroke

What is heatstroke? Heatstroke happens when your body gets too hot. It is more common in summer due to the...

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is due to an overactive thyroid. The thyroid is a gland in the neck. It makes...

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is when you have an underactive thyroid, causing it to produce lower than normal amounts of...

Motor vehicle accidents

If you are injured in a motor vehicle accident in NSW, the compulsory third party (CTP) Green...

Organ and tissue donation

Organ and tissue donation is the process of donating your organs and tissues to people who are...

Physical activity in adults

What is physical activity in adults? It is important to keep active as an adult. Being active reduces your risk...

Polypharmacy

Polypharmacy is when people are taking five or more medications each day. These can be prescribed, over...

Preparing for a heatwave

What is a heatwave? A heatwave is when there are more than three days in a row with a temperature...

Return to work

Returning to work after an illness or injury can be challenging, but your GP can help. Returning...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Sleep hygiene

Sleep hygiene means good sleep habits – the things you can do to give yourself the best...

Subclinical hyperthyroidism

What is subclinical hyperthyroidism? Subclinical hyperthyroidism is when a person has a low amount of thyroid stimulating hormone. It usually...

Support for carers

Caring for someone can be a challenging task. Many people provide informal support for friends or family...

Travel health advice

When you travel, it is important to think about your health. This is especially true if you...

Your healthcare journey

You are the centre of your healthcare journey You are the best person to be in charge of your own...

Biliary scan

What is a biliary scan? A Biliary scan is a test to detect certain diseases of the gall bladder. It...

Bone scan

What is a bone scan? A bone scan is useful in diagnosing and assessing a wide range of bone and...

Colon transit scan

A Colon Transit scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gallium scan

A Gallium Scan is a test that is used to detect a number of diseases including infections,...

Gastric emptying scan

A Gastric Emptying Scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gated heart pool scan

A gated heart pool scan looks at how well the heart is pumping. It may be performed...

Liver spleen scan

A Liver-Spleen scan is a test to examine the liver and/or the spleen for abnormalities. This test...

Lung (V/Q) scan

A lung (V/Q) scan is also known as a lung ventilation and perfusion scan. This test is...

MIBG scan

An MIBG Scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

Myocardial perfusion scan

A Myocardial Perfusion Scan (also known as a Sestamibi Scan) is a test to examine the blood...

Octreotide scan

An Octreotide scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

Oral glucose tolerance test

What is an oral glucose tolerance test? An oral glucose tolerance test, or OGTT, is a test that looks at...

Parathyroid scan

A Parathyroid scan is a test to identify and localise overactive parathyroid gland(s). What do I...

Positive FOBT result

  A Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) looks for blood in your bowel motion (poo). A positive result...

Positron emission tomography scan

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) detects and measures glucose metabolism within the body. PET scans can diagnose certain...

Radioiodine total body search

A Radioiodine Total Body Search detects the presence of residual thyroid tissue or cancer spread in patients...

RBC (red blood cell) liver scan

Liver masses are often found by other tests such as ultrasound or CT scans. An RBC Liver...

Renal cortex scan

A renal cortex scan is also known as a DSMA renal scan. The scan examines the functioning...

Renal scan

A renal scan looks at kidney blood flow and function. It can give information that cannot be...

Self-monitoring blood glucose

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended for all people with type 1 diabetes. It is also recommended...

Sentinel lymph node scan

What is a sentinel lymph node? Lymph is fluid that escapes from blood vessels into the tissues. It travels in...

Skin biopsy

A skin biopsy is a quick and simple procedure that removes a small sample of skin for...

Thyroid scan

A thyroid scan shows the function and structure of the thyroid gland. It can give information not...

Ultrasound

An ultrasound scan creates a real-time picture of the inside of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound...

White blood cell scan

A white blood cell scan is a test used to detect areas of infection in the body...

Dialysis

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body. They remove waste products that could harm your vital...

Mallet splints

A mallet splint is designed to keep your finger tip in an over-extended position to allow the...

Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Abnormal vaginal bleeding includes intermenstrual bleeding, postcoital bleeding, and postmenopausal bleeding. These are symptoms, not a diagnosis....

Abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge is a fluid that comes out of your vagina. It is normally clear or white....

Absent periods (Amenorrhoea)

Periods happen as part of the natural menstrual cycle. They usually happen every month. It is normal...

Breast engorgement

Breast engorgement is swelling of the breast. It may happen when you start breastfeeding and can also...

Chronic pelvic pain

Chronic pelvic pain is abdominal and/or pelvic pain that has lasted for at least 6 months. It...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is an inflammatory illness with lesions of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus. It can cause pelvic...

Heavy menstrual bleeding

Heavy menstrual bleeding means a heavy period. This can affect a woman’s quality of life. Most menstrual...

Long-acting contraceptives

Long-acting contraceptives are birth-control devices that stay in your body for a long time (from one month...

Mastitis and breast abscess

Mastitis is swelling in the breast. Most times, it is caused by an infection. It usually happens...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Menopause

Menopause is defined as not having a period for more than a year in a non-pregnant woman....

Ovarian masses (Cysts)

Ovarian masses (cysts) are fluid-filled sacs that appear in the ovary. The most common types of cysts...

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection of your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This infection may...

Pelvic organ prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more pelvic organs bulge into the vagina. This happens when...

Period pain (Dysmennorrhea)

Dysmenorrhoea means a painful period. It is common but often under-diagnosed or treated. It can make life...

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

  Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder. It often affects young women’s metabolism and...

Postmenopausal bleeding

Postmenopausal bleeding is any bleeding from the vagina that happens after menopause. Around one in ten women...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and can become pregnant, it is important to...

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the physical and psychological symptoms that happen each menstrual cycle. They happen during the...

Short-acting contraceptives

Short-acting contraceptives prevent pregnancies but are either single use or only last for a short time. The...

Sore, tender and damaged nipples

Nipple pain is common in the early days of breastfeeding. It generally improves after the first few...

Thrush (Vulvovaginal candidiasis)

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection in the vagina. It is caused by a growth of candida...

Vaginal pessaries

A vaginal pessary is a removable device that is put into the vagina. It is used to...

Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia is long lasting pain of the vulva without an obvious cause. It can include burning, stinging,...

Burns

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

Leg ulcers

A leg ulcer is a wound on the leg or ankle. The wound is usually caused by...

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