Domestic and family abuse and violence

Domestic and family abuse and violence comes in many forms. This type of violence doesn’t discriminate and...

Domestic violence safety planning

You may need a safety plan if you feel you are at risk of domestic and family...

Elder abuse

Elder abuse is defined by the World Health Organization as “a single or repeated act, or lack...

Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation, or cutting, is any procedure that involves partial or total removal of, or injury...

Sexual assault

Sexual assault as any type of sexual behaviour that makes someone feel uncomfortable, frightened, intimidated or threatened....

Caring for your cast

How do I look after my cast? It is important to let the case fully dry. Arm plaster casts can...

Clavicle fracture

A clavicle fracture is a break in the collar bone. Your collar bone is one of the...

Exercises for arm and hand casts

Why is this important? Your wrist has been put in a cast to stop it from moving so the bones...

Shoulder dislocations and instability

A shoulder dislocation is when the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder blade socket. Shoulder...

Shoulder pain

Shoulder pain is very common. It is a sign that all or part of your shoulder is...

Back pain

Back pain is the term for pain felt in the spine or back. It can be mild...

Abnormal bleeding or bruising

It’s normal to bruise or bleed after an injury. Abnormal bleeding or bruising is when you bruise...

Anaemia

Anaemia is when your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. This reduces the oxygen...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is a type of blood clot that forms in a deep vein (not a...

Hypertension

Hypertension is the medical name for high blood pressure. High blood pressure means your blood is pumping...

Myeloma

Myeloma, also called multiple myeloma, is a type of blood cancer affecting plasma cells. Plasma cells are...

Nose bleed (Epistaxis)

Epistaxis is another name for nose bleeds. It is a common problem in both children and adults....

Pulmonary Embolism

A pulmonary embolism is when a blood clot blocks the arteries that supply blood to the lungs....

Septic Arthritis

Septic arthritis is an infection in a joint. Somehow bacteria has spread to the joint or bones...

Acute leukaemia

Acute leukaemia is a type of blood cancer that develops quickly. If you have acute leukaemia, your...

Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It is also called colorectal cancer. Cancer...

Bowel cancer screening

Early diagnosis helps reduce the number of Australians who die each year from bowel cancer. The National...

Breast cancer follow up

Follow up with your care team is recommended after treatment for breast cancer. They will check whether...

Breast cancer screening

Breast cancer screening is a test that checks for early signs of breast cancer. When breast cancer...

Breast cancer survivorship

  Breast cancer survival rates are improving. This means that are more and more women who are...

Cervical screening

Cervical screening is a test that checks for early signs of cervical cancer. When cervical cancer is...

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) is a type of blood and bone marrow cancer. The bone marrow is...

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus. Most women who get this type of cancer...

Familial cancer syndromes

When a gene changes, it increases the risk of cancer in a family. This is called a...

Family risk of breast or ovarian cancer

Around five percent of breast cancers and 15 percent of ovarian cancers are due to a family...

Family risk of colorectal or endometrial cancer syndromes

Around 10 to 15% of all people with colorectal cancer have a family history. Family history means...

Head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancer is a general term used for different types of cancers that develop in...

Life after cancer

After treatment for cancer ends, you will have regular appointments with your GP to monitor your health....

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. In people with liver cancer,...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the lungs. In Australia, more people die...

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system helps the body...

Melanoma

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer. Australia has the highest rate of melanoma in the...

Multidisciplinary teams in cancer care

When you have been diagnosed with cancer, you will be cared for by a whole team of...

Myeloma

Myeloma, also called multiple myeloma, is a type of blood cancer affecting plasma cells. Plasma cells are...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Oesophageal cancer

Oesophageal cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells that line the oesophagus. The...

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. In people with this type of cancer, cells...

Self-care for people with cancer

Living with cancer impacts your physical and emotional health in many ways. It’s normal to face challenges...

ADHD in children

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that affects how people behave. Children with ADHD may...

Autism in children

Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with others. Signs...

Bedwetting (Enuresis)

Enuresis is involuntary bedwetting during sleep in a child under 5 years old. It is a common...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Birthmark (Infantile haemangioma)

An infantile haemangioma is the most common type of birthmark in babies. They often appear a few...

Developmental concerns in children

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Developmental milestones

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Eye problems in children

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Inguinal hernia (Lumps or Swelling in Children)

An inguinal hernia is a lump that occurs in the groin. Lumps in the groin area in...

Misshapen or flat head (Plagiocephaly)

Plagiocephaly (misshapen or flat head) is when a baby has an uneven or flat spot on their...

Newborn checks

Newborn checks are routine assessments of all infants at 1 to 4 weeks of life, and 6...

Penis and Foreskin in Children

The foreskin is the loose skin at the head of the penis. The foreskin usually won’t pull...

Preterm and low birth weight in infants

Preterm infants are born before 37 weeks of gestation. Low-birth-weight infants are babies weighing under 2500g at...

Short stature in children

A child with short stature is much shorter than other children of the same age. When a...

Temper tantrums

Temper tantrums, also known as tantrums, are emotional outbursts. If your child is having a tantrum, they...

Torticollis in infants

Torticollis is a when the neck muscles spasm and the neck twists to the side. It is...

Tounge-tie

Tongue-tie is a condition which is present at birth. It is when the band which connects the...

Umbilical Hernia

An umbilical hernia is a lump under the belly button. You might find it after the baby...

Undescended Testes

Undescended testes is when a testicle hasn’t moved into the bag of skin below the penis (the...

Unsettled or crying baby

It is very common for a baby to cry a lot during the first 12 months. This...

Anxiety disorders in children and young people

An anxiety disorder is when we often feel very anxious. This can be anxious about something specific...

Behavioural Disorders in Children and Young People

A behavioural disorder is when a child has difficulty with their emotions and behaviours. Their behaviour can...

Compulsive disorders in children and young people

A compulsive disorder is when a person has repeated unwanted thoughts or the need to repeat a...

Depressive and bipolar disorders in children and young people

A depressive disorder is when a person has low mood, less interest or enjoyment in activities and...

Psychotic disorders in children and young people

Getting a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder will depend how long, how bad and in what ways...

BCG vaccination

The BCG vaccine is the vaccine for tuberculosis, also known as TB. Tuberculosis is a serious bacterial...

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is a common type of viral chest infection. It usually happens in babies under 12 months...

Diabetes in children

Diabetes happens in children when the glucose level in their blood stays high. Everybody has glucose in...

Eczema in children

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition causing dry, itchy skin that can become...

Eye problems in children

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Foreign objects inhaled

It is very common for small children to put items in their mouths, and then potentially inhale...

Headaches in children

Headaches are a common pain syndrome seen in children, along with recurrent abdominal and leg pains. The...

Heart murmur in children

A heart murmur is when the blood flowing through the heart makes an extra noise. Normal heart...

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a type of arthritis that develops in a child aged 16 or younger....

Neck lumps in children

It is very common for children to develop lumps in their necks. The most common cause is...

Obstructive sleep apnoea in children

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Pain relief for children

For children, treatment depends on the age of the child and cause of their pain. Common pain...

Physical activity in children

Regular physical activity is essential for your child’s health, growth and development. Kids need to be active...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Weight management in children

Weight management in children is about making long-term changes that support a healthy lifestyle. The goal is...

Coronavirus and aged care facilities

A COVID-19 outbreak is a serious health risk for people who live in residential aged care facilities....

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

A new type of coronavirus was detected in late 2019. This virus can cause a severe respiratory...

COVID-19: Self-isolation

A new type of coronavirus was detected in late 2019. This virus can cause a severe respiratory illness called coronavirus...

How to manage COVID-19 at home

Can I manage my COVID-19 at home? South Western Sydney is moving towards people self-managing their COVID-19 infection. This is...

Stopping the spread of COVID-19

A new type of coronavirus was detected in late 2019. This virus can cause a severe respiratory illness called coronavirus...

Refugee Health Assessment for Adults

A refugee health assessment is a detailed check of a person who has arrived in Australia as...

Refugee Health Assessment for Children and Adolescents

The refugee health assessment is a detailed check of a child or adolescent who has arrived in...

Diabetes and diet

Diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for diabetes, because...

Diabetes and driving

Patients with diabetes may be taking medication which increases the risk of high blood sugar while driving. ...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. If...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes foot screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes in children

Diabetes happens in children when the glucose level in their blood stays high. Everybody has glucose in...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Diabetes Medications

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels....

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Guidelines for insulin storage and handling

Storage Vials and cartridges of insulin not currently being used should be stored in the refrigerator (2 to 8 degrees)...

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia is low blood sugar and it’s one of the most common problems related to diabetes. Taking...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Pre-diabetes

After you eat, your body breaks down food into glucose, a type of sugar. A hormone called...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are thinking about having a baby, pre-pregnancy...

Self-monitoring blood glucose

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended for all people with type 1 diabetes. It is also recommended...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that...

Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. After you eat, your body breaks down food...

Benefits of exercise

It can sometimes seem too hard to exercise, with time, money, tiredness and other factors getting in the way. However,...

Chronic Fatigue

Chronic fatigue syndrome (myalgic encephalitis) is a chronic disease that can affect many of the bodies systems....

Maintaining healthy behaviour change

Sometimes getting the motivation to change our lifestyle is easy but actually making that change and sticking with it can...

Nutrition resources

Scroll down for recommended resources to guide you towards eating a healthier diet. 

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Planning to lose weight

Being overweight or obese can have an impact on your health, but even small amounts of weight...

Problem gambling

Some people can gamble responsibly, but others find it hard to stop. Gambling becomes a problem when...

Quitting smoking

Smoking is the greatest cause of preventable illness and death in Australia. Around two-thirds of long-term smokers...

Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency means you don’t have enough vitamin D in your body. Vitamin D helps our...

Weight management in adults

Managing your weight can lower your risk of developing health conditions. Overweight and obesity is associated with conditions...

Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal drug in Australia for people over the age of 18. However, alcohol use...

Cannabis

Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in Australia. It is used in three main forms:...

Cocaine, Ecstasy, and Other Drugs

Cocaine and ecstasy are two commonly used illegal drugs. These drugs are damaging to your health and...

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is an illegal stimulant which is often called ‘crystal meth’ or ‘ice’. Methamphetamine gives you a...

Needle and syringe programs

Needle and syringe services in South Western Sydney Find your closest Needle and Syringe Program outlet below.

Opioid dependence treatment

Opioid dependence treatment is treatment for people who are dependent on opioids. Opioids are pain-relieving medications. There...

Opioids

There are many types of opioids, including prescription opioids such as morphine and illegal opioids such as...

Safe injecting practices

What should I do? People who inject drugs can place themselves at risk of HIV, hepatitis C and other blood...

Ear Infection

Ear infection happens when fluid builds up behind the ear drum. This is the middle part of...

Sinusitis

Sinusitis means infection or inflammation of the sinuses. Your sinuses are in your cheeks, forehead and around...

Tonsilitis

Tonsilitis is swelling of the tonsils. The tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of the mouth and...

Cataracts

A cataract is when the lens in your eye becomes cloudy. Inside our eyes, we have a...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Eye Injury

An eye injury can happen due to an accident, sports injury, or if you get something in...

Eye problems in children

Eye problems are common in children. These problems can happen because of injury, infection or begin at...

Eyelid lesions

An eyelid lesion is a lump on the eyelid. They are common and can be painful or...

Mitochondrial disease

Mitochondrial disease is caused by a problem with one or more of the genes that make up...

Pterygium

Pterygium is a fleshy overgrowth on the surface of the eye. It is common and can affect...

Red eye

Redness of the eye is common. It can occur in one or both eyes. It happens when...

Vision loss

Vision loss means a person cannot see things like they used to, or they cannot see things...

Ankle fractures

An ankle fracture is a broken ankle. Fractures can be thin cracks or complete breaks that shatter....

Ankle sprain

An ankle sprain is an ankle injury caused by rolling, twisting or straining the ankle. An ankle...

Foot and toe injuries

There are many things which can cause foot or toe pain and injury. Most foot and toe...

Foot pain

Foot pain can affect the toes, midfoot, ankles, arches and heel. There are many types and causes...

Ingrown toenail

Ingrown toenails occur when your toenail grows into the skin of the toe. They are most common...

Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It is also called colorectal cancer. Cancer...

Bowel cancer screening

Early diagnosis helps reduce the number of Australians who die each year from bowel cancer. The National...

Bowel polyps

A bowel polyp is an abnormal growth on the inside of the large bowel. Approximately 50% of...

Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disease. It happens when the immune system reacts badly to gluten. Gluten...

Constipation

Constipation is when you find it hard to empty your bowel (have a bowel movement). It will...

Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis (gastro) is a common condition which affects the gut. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain and...

Indigestion and reflux

When you chew and swallow food, it is pushed down into the stomach by different muscles. Sometimes,...

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is the name for two conditions. They are both caused by a problem...

Iron deficiency anaemia

Iron deficiency anaemia is a type of anaemia caused by a lack of iron. You need iron...

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is when your gut is irritated. Around one in five Australian experience IBS...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Splenomegaly

The spleen is on the left side of the belly. It filters the blood and removes abnormal...

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency means you don’t have enough vitamin B12 in your body. Our bodies need vitamin...

Chronic Fatigue

Chronic fatigue syndrome (myalgic encephalitis) is a chronic disease that can affect many of the bodies systems....

Family risk of breast or ovarian cancer

Around five percent of breast cancers and 15 percent of ovarian cancers are due to a family...

Family risk of colorectal or endometrial cancer syndromes

Around 10 to 15% of all people with colorectal cancer have a family history. Family history means...

Haemochromatosis

Haemochromatosis causes the body to absorb too much iron from food. The condition is genetic, which means...

Mitochondrial disease

Mitochondrial disease is caused by a problem with one or more of the genes that make up...

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. The pinched nerve causes a...

Dislocated finger

A dislocated finger is a common hand injury. It happens when the bones in the finger are...

Dupuytren’s contracture

Dupuytren’s Contracture happens when the skin under your hand slowly thickens and gets tight. This can force...

Ganglia

Ganglia are small cysts, they are also known as ganglion cysts. They look like small bumps and...

Mallet splints

A mallet splint is designed to keep your finger tip in an over-extended position to allow the...

Scaphoid fractures

A scaphoid fracture is a break in one of the bones in your wrist. They usually happen...

Trigger finger

If you have trigger finger, your finger may get stuck or locked after flexing. Trigger finger is...

Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease is a term for a range of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels....

Chest pain

Chest pain can feel like a dull ache, a sharp stab, or a crushing or burning sensation....

Heart failure

Heart failure is when your heart can’t pump enough blood to the rest of your body. The...

Heart murmur in children

A heart murmur is when the blood flowing through the heart makes an extra noise. Normal heart...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Rheumatic Heart Disease

What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic fever can cause damage to the heart. This is called rheumatic heart disease. The...

Adverse events following immunisation

  Adverse Events Following Immunisation (AEFIs) is the term used to describe certain medical issues that people may...

BCG vaccination

The BCG vaccine is the vaccine for tuberculosis, also known as TB. Tuberculosis is a serious bacterial...

Immunisation

Immunisation is the process of getting a vaccine against a serious disease. Vaccines work by producing an...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Influenza immunisation

The influenza (flu) vaccine protects against the flu. The vaccine helps reduce the risk of getting sick...

Travel vaccination

Travel vaccinations are vaccines that protect against the serious diseases you may encounter when travelling overseas. Overseas...

Measles

Measles is a viral disease that spreads easy and can cause severe problems. It remains a common...

Meningitis

Meningitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. It is very rare but serious. If...

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is swelling of the bone. It happens when germs (bacteria) spreads from the blood stream to...

Rabies and bat lyssavirus

Rabies and Australian bat lyssavirus are viruses that spread through bites or scratches from infected animals. These...

Staphylococcal (Staph) Infections

Staphylococcus aureus (or ‘staph’) and Group A streptococcus (GAS) are kinds of bacteria which can be found...

Zika virus

Zika is a virus that spreads through infected mosquito bites. It can also be sexually transmitted. In...

Acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury is a form of kidney damage that occurs quickly, over a few hours to...

Chronic kidney disease

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body, removing waste products that can harm your organs. If...

Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)

Kidney infections happen when bacteria enters your body via the urethra (the tube you pass urine through)....

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in the kidneys. They are common and can be...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Proteinuria

Proteinuria is the medical name for protein in the urine. There is usually a small amount of...

Urinary incontinence

  Urinary incontinence is the involuntary or accidental leakage of urine. This affects 30% to 50% of...

Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) happens when germs get into the urethra, bladder, vagina or kidneys. They...

Knee pain

Knee pain is pain you can feel in the knee joint or around the knee. Knee pain...

Prepatellar Bursitis (Housemaid’s Knee)

Prepatellar bursitis is a type of knee injury that occurs when the bursa, in the front of...

Shin pain

The shin bone (tibia) is the large bone at the front of the lower leg. Shin pain...

Fatty liver disease

Healthy livers have very little or no fat in them. But if you drink too much alcohol,...

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver. The virus is spread through body fluids such...

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a virus that affects your liver. It is spread by direct blood contact such...

Jaundice in babies

Jaundice in babies is common. Signs of jaundice in a baby include yellow skin, yellow eyes, fatigue...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Community Health Centres

Community Health Centres are open Monday to Friday 8.30am to 5.00pm.

Emergency care

Note: For emergencies, dial 000 and ask for AMBULANCE.

Multicultural services and translated resources

This page lists resources on many health conditions with translations for non-English speakers. Scroll down to find information from children’s...

Triple I

Triple I is South Western Sydney Local Health District’s (SWSLHD) centralised Community Health intake service. It offers...

Breathlessness (Dysponea)

Breathlessness is shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing. It can happen for a number of reasons, including:...

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is a common type of viral chest infection. It usually happens in babies under 12 months...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, describes a range of lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, non-reversible...

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition that mostly affects your lungs, pancreas and sweat glands. It causes...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Inhaler devices

You may need to use a medicine called an ‘inhaled medicine’. These types of medicines can only be delivered using...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the lungs. In Australia, more people die...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Persistent cough in children

A cough is a very common symptom in children. It can be caused by many different things....

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection caused by a bacteria or virus. It can affect one or...

Shortness of breath action plan

The Shortness of Breath Action Plan shows different ways to manage your breathlessness. It is completed with...

Silicosis

Silica is a common mineral which can be found in bricks, tiles and concrete. Silica can become...

Whooping cough (Pertussis)

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a life-threatening infection in vulnerable people. Symptoms are similar to...

Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy uses a long, snake like tube with a light and camera to look inside the...

Dialysis

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body. They remove waste products that could harm your vital...

Iron therapy

Iron therapy is when you get iron injected into your vein through an intravenous (IV) infusion. Your...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Vaginal pessaries

A vaginal pessary is a removable device that is put into the vagina. It is used to...

Voluntary assisted dying in NSW

Voluntary assisted dying (VAD) means a person can ask for medical help to end their life. The...

Biliary scan

A Biliary scan is a test to detect certain diseases of the gall bladder. It provides information...

Bone scan

A bone scan is useful in diagnosing and assessing a wide range of bone and joint diseases....

Colon transit scan

A Colon Transit scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gallium scan

A Gallium Scan is a test that is used to detect a number of diseases including infections,...

Gastric emptying scan

A Gastric Emptying Scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gated heart pool scan

A gated heart pool scan looks at how well the heart is pumping. It may be performed...

Liver spleen scan

A Liver-Spleen scan is a test to examine the liver and/or the spleen for abnormalities. This test...

Lung (V/Q) scan

A lung (V/Q) scan is also known as a lung ventilation and perfusion scan. This test is...

MIBG scan

An MIBG Scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

Myocardial perfusion scan

A Myocardial Perfusion Scan (also known as a Sestamibi Scan) is a test to examine the blood...

Octreotide scan

An Octreotide scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

Oral glucose tolerance test

An oral glucose tolerance test, or OGTT, is a test that looks at the amount of glucose...

Parathyroid scan

A Parathyroid scan is a test to identify and localise overactive parathyroid gland(s). What do I...

Positron emission tomography scan

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) detects and measures glucose metabolism within the body. PET scans can diagnose certain...

Radioiodine total body search

A Radioiodine Total Body Search detects the presence of residual thyroid tissue or cancer spread in patients...

RBC (red blood cell) liver scan

Liver masses are often found by other tests such as ultrasound or CT scans. An RBC Liver...

Recovering from keyhole surgery

Laparoscopic, or keyhole surgery, involves 3-4 small incisions (cuts) up to 1cm long in the abdomen (stomach)....

Renal cortex scan

A renal cortex scan is also known as a DSMA renal scan. The scan examines the functioning...

Renal scan

A renal scan looks at kidney blood flow and function. It can give information that cannot be...

Sentinel lymph node scan

What is a sentinel lymph node? Lymph is fluid that escapes from blood vessels into the tissues. It travels in...

Skin biopsy

A skin biopsy is a quick and simple procedure that removes a small sample of skin for...

Thyroid scan

A thyroid scan shows the function and structure of the thyroid gland. It can give information not...

Ultrasound

An ultrasound scan creates a real-time picture of the inside of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound...

White blood cell scan

A white blood cell scan is a test used to detect areas of infection in the body...

Antipsychotic medications

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition. It is when a person cannot tell the difference between...

Anxiety

Anxiety is when you feel anxious or stressed without a clear reason. It is the most common...

Bereavement, grief and loss

Bereavement is the process of coping with the death of a family member or close friend. If...

Depression

Depression is a mental health condition that affects your mood. One in six people will experience depression...

Eating disorders

Eating disorders are mental health conditions that cause a person to develop disordered or extreme eating habits....

Mental health during a disaster

A disaster can include heatwaves, bushfires, droughts, floods, severe storms and tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis and landslides....

Mental health treatment plan

A mental health treatment plan is written for people with mental ill-health. If you have mental health...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition. It is when a person experiences intense...

Problem gambling

Some people can gamble responsibly, but others find it hard to stop. Gambling becomes a problem when...

Psychosis

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition affecting the mind. People with psychosis can experience an altered...

Self harm

Self harm is when someone purposely hurts a part of their body. Some common forms of self-harm...

Suicidal thoughts

Sometimes, people have thoughts about wanting to harm themselves or end their life. These thoughts may occur...

Medicinal Cannabis

Medicinal cannabis comes from the cannabis plant (also called marijuana). Most medicinal cannabis contains cannabidiol (CBD) and...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. There are two main types...

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

A Transient Ischaemic Attack, also known as a TIA, is a minor stroke. It occurs when blood...

ADHD in adults

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder that affects how people behave. People with ADHD...

ADHD in children

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that affects how people behave. Children with ADHD may...

Autism in children

Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with others. Signs...

Dementia

Dementia causes a decline in brain function. It affects parts of the brain like memory, thinking, learning,...

Epilepsy in women and pregnancy

If you have epilepsy and want to fall pregnant, there are some issues you need to be...

Headaches in adults

Headaches are very common and usually not concerning. Many people can treat their headache with over-the-counter pain...

Mild cognitive impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up...

Respiratory muscle weakness

Respiratory muscle weakness can be a serious problem for people who live with neuromuscular disease. The most...

Advance care planning

Advance care planning involves making a plan for your future medical care. If one day you are...

Before entering residential aged care

Before entering residential aged care it is important for your GP to look at in home support...

Cataracts

A cataract is when the lens in your eye becomes cloudy. Inside our eyes, we have a...

Dementia

Dementia causes a decline in brain function. It affects parts of the brain like memory, thinking, learning,...

Elder abuse

Elder abuse is defined by the World Health Organization as “a single or repeated act, or lack...

Mild cognitive impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up...

Older person’s health assessment

An over 75s health assessment is a yearly test that helps your GP to: identify any health...

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone that makes it weaker and more likely to fracture. There...

Palliative care

Palliative care is a specific type of care for people who have a life-limiting illness. Palliative care...

Self-care for family and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Shingles

Shingles is an infection. It is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles is most common...

Sleep disturbance in palliative care

People nearing the end of their lives may have trouble sleeping. There are many reasons why sleep...

Urinary incontinence

  Urinary incontinence is the involuntary or accidental leakage of urine. This affects 30% to 50% of...

Chronic pain

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than expected. It usually occurs after an injury or disease....

Headaches in adults

Headaches are very common and usually not concerning. Many people can treat their headache with over-the-counter pain...

Medication for acute pain

There are two main types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain starts suddenly and is usually...

Palliative care pain management

More than 65% of palliative care patients experience a form of pain from mild to severe, depending...

Shoulder pain

Shoulder pain is very common. It is a sign that all or part of your shoulder is...

Whiplash injuries

Whiplash happens when your head moves very quickly one way and then back again. It can happen...

Anaemia in pregnancy

Anaemia means you don’t have enough red blood cells in your blood. It’s often caused by low...

Antenatal care

Antenatal care refers to the regular appointments and tests you have during your pregnancy. You’ll need to...

Antenatal screening

A fetal anomaly, sometimes called a birth defect, is when there is a change to part of...

Asthma in pregnancy

If you have asthma and are pregnant, your asthma control can change. Some women have an increase...

Birth after caesarean section

For women who have had one or more caesarean sections in the past, you may have the...

Bleeding in mid-late pregnancy

Bleeding in mid to late pregnancy is any bleeding from 20 weeks to full term. It can...

Bleeding in rhesus negative women

Every person has one of four blood types (A, B, AB or O). These blood types are...

Coping with pregnancy loss

What will my healthcare team do? Your healthcare team can answer many of the medical questions you may have regarding...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. If...

Dilatation and curettage

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

Epilepsy in women and pregnancy

If you have epilepsy and want to fall pregnant, there are some issues you need to be...

Fetal movements

Fetal movements is a term that refers to the baby’s movements in the womb during pregnancy. Your...

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hyperemesis gravidarum

Around 72% of pregnant women experience nausea with or without vomiting during pregnancy. Usually it starts between...

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia are health concerns that can affect pregnant women at any stage. Hypertension...

Improving breast milk supply

Sometimes, women have a low breastmilk supply after birth. There are many reasons why a woman’s breast...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Medicine in pregnancy and breastfeeding

Most medicines are safe to take at the recommended dose while breast feeding. Tell your doctor if...

Mental health and pregnancy

Pregnancy can be an emotional time for many women. It’s not uncommon for pregnant women to experience...

Miscarriage

A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that occurs within the fi­rst 20 weeks. This is usually confirmed...

Obesity in pregnancy

It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy. However, being overweight or obese before pregnancy, or putting...

Perineal tear follow up

It is common for women to have some form of tear during a vaginal birth. A tear...

Planning to have a baby

If you’re planning to have a baby, it’s important to see your GP for a pre-conception visit...

Postnatal care

After you have a baby, you should see your GP soon after. They will check your body...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are thinking about having a baby, pre-pregnancy...

Pregnancy and weight gain

During pregnancy, some weight gain is normal. How much weight you gain depends on what you weighed...

Surgical termination of pregnancy

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Thyroid disease in pregnancy

Your thyroid gland is located in your neck, near the base of your throat. It makes hormones...

Abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge is a fluid that comes out of your vagina. It is normally clear or white....

Acute pelvic pain in women

Acute pelvic pain is soreness that’s felt in your lower stomach area. The pain may feel short,...

Acute pelvic pain in women

Acute pelvic pain is soreness that’s felt in your lower stomach area. The pain may feel short,...

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. It’s caused by bacteria. You get chlamydia by having unprotected...

Contact tracing

You’ve just found out you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There’s a lot going through your...

Epididymo-orchitis

Epididymo-orchitis is the painful swelling of the testes and the tubes attached to each testicle. It is...

Genital Ulcers

Genital ulcers are small sores on your penis, vagina or anus. They can be caused by infections...

Genital warts

Genital warts, or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), is a sexually transmitted infection caused by strains of the...

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. Common symptoms include genital discharge, pain when urinating...

Herpes

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. As many as one...

HIV exposure

People can become exposed to HIV in several ways. This may be from unprotected sex, sharing needles...

Living with HIV

Living with HIV is the term used to describe people who are HIV-positive. Over the last three...

Permanent Contraception (Steralisation)

Permanent contraception stops a person from being able to reproduce. There is an option for people with...

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV (PrEP)

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medication that greatly reduces the risk of getting HIV. PrEP is recommended...

Sexual health screening

Sexual health screening is testing for one or more sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You might need a...

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It’s a bacterial infection that spreads by having unprotected sex or...

Thrush (Vulvovaginal candidiasis)

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection in the vagina. It is caused by a growth of candida...

Urethral discharge in males

Urethral discharge is when fluid leaks from the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis....

Acne

Acne is a condition causing spots and painful bumps on the skin, also known as pimples. Acne...

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection. The infected area may be swollen, red, hot and tender. Common...

Corns and calluses

Corns and calluses are patches of thick, hard skin. They usually form on feet and toes but...

Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is dry and irritated skin. Eczema often appears on the face, neck,...

Hand fractures

A hand fracture is a break in a bone in the hand (metacarpal fracture) or fingers (phalanx...

Hives (Urticaria)

Hives (urticaria) is a type of itchy skin rash. The raised bumps (wheals) appear when skin cells...

Melanoma

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer. Australia has the highest rate of melanoma in the...

Pruritus

Pruritus is the medical word for itchy skin. There are many reasons why your skin can itch....

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a type of skin condition that usually appears as an elevated round or oval patch...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Scabies

Scabies is a skin problem. It is caused by tiny mites. They burrow into the skin and...

Skin conditions in pregnancy – rash and itch

During pregnancy, you may experience some changes to your skin. Sometimes, you can experience a rash or...

Warts and verrucas

Warts and verrucas are small, hard lumps on the skin. They are caused by different strains of...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Obstructive sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Sleep hygiene

Sleep hygiene means good sleep habits – the things you can do to give yourself the best...

After a loved one has died

After a loved one has died, your GP may sign a certificate that confirms the death. You...

Blood in urine (Haematuria)

Haematuria is when there is blood in the urine. It can be: Visible: It is possible to...

Chickenpox and pregnancy

Chickenpox is an infectious disease. It is very contagious and anyone of any age can catch it....

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

The Department of Veterans’ Affairs is a government department that offers support for people who have served...

Disability support services

Disability support services are services that help people with disabilities, their families and carers. The Australian government...

Driving and vehicle assessment

If you have a medical condition that could affect your ability to drive safely, you will need...

Energy rebates for medical equipment and low income households

Low Income Household Energy Rebate The NSW Government provides assistance measures to help households with their energy costs. Eligibility for...

Food allergy and intolerance

A food allergy is when the immune system responds to an allergen (an ingredient that is usually harmless)...

Hand hygiene

Hand hygiene is the process of cleaning your hands with soap and water to prevent spreading diseases....

Heatstroke

Heatstroke happens when your body gets too hot. It is more common in summer due to the...

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is due to an overactive thyroid. The thyroid is a gland in the neck. It makes...

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is when you have an underactive thyroid, causing it to produce lower than normal amounts of...

Make the GP part of your family

What is a GP? GPs, or general practitioners, play a central role in the delivery of general health treatment and...

Managing the final stages of dying

Managing the final stages of dying involves careful planning. It’s important the person’s wishes are respected. As...

Motor vehicle accidents

If you are injured in a motor vehicle accident in NSW, the compulsory third party (CTP) Green...

My Health Record

My Health Record is a secure online summary of your health information. The record keeps information about...

National Disability Insurance Scheme

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) offers financial support for Australians who have permanent and significant disability....

Organ and tissue donation

Organ and tissue donation is the process of donating your organs and tissues to people who are...

Physical activity in adults

It is important to keep active as an adult. Being active reduces your risk of mental and...

Polypharmacy

Polypharmacy is when people are taking five or more medications each day. These can be prescribed, over...

Positive FOBT result

  A Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) looks for blood in your bowel motion (poo). A positive result...

Preparing for a heatwave

A heatwave is when there are more than three days in a row with a temperature above...

Return to work after an illness

Returning to work after an illness can be challenging, but your GP is here to help. Returning...

Rheumatic fever

What is rheumatic fever? Rheumatic fever can happen if a throat infection isn’t treated. It can affect your joints, heart,...

Self-care for people with cancer

Living with cancer impacts your physical and emotional health in many ways. It’s normal to face challenges...

Self-monitoring blood glucose

Self-monitoring of blood glucose is recommended for all people with type 1 diabetes. It is also recommended...

Subclinical hyperthyroidism

What is subclinical hyperthyroidism? Subclinical hyperthyroidism is when a person has a low amount of thyroid stimulating hormone. It usually...

Support for carers

Caring for someone can be a challenging task. Many people provide informal support for friends or family...

Travel health advice

When you travel, it is important to think about your health. This is especially true if you...

Understanding the dying process

What happens when a person is dying? It is very difficult to predict exactly what will happen. Some people deteriorate...

Your Healthcare Journey

You are the centre of your healthcare journey You are the best person to be in charge of your own...

Criteria-led discharge

Many people find hospital a worrying and confusing time. Not knowing when they will leave the hospital...

Dilatation and curettage

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder and gallstones by keyhole surgery. Sometimes, the surgeon...

Surgical termination of pregnancy

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Weight management surgery

 Weight management surgery refers to a surgical intervention designed to reduce the size of the stomach to...

Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Abnormal vaginal bleeding includes intermenstrual bleeding, postcoital bleeding, and postmenopausal bleeding. These are symptoms, not a diagnosis....

Absent periods (Amenorrhoea)

Periods happen as part of the natural menstrual cycle. They usually happen every month. It is normal...

Breast engorgement

Breast engorgement is swelling of the breast. It may happen when you start breastfeeding and can also...

Cervical screening

Cervical screening is a test that checks for early signs of cervical cancer. When cervical cancer is...

Chronic pelvic pain

Chronic pelvic pain is abdominal and/or pelvic pain that has lasted for at least 6 months. It...

Dilatation and curettage

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus. Most women who get this type of cancer...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is an inflammatory illness with lesions of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus. It can cause pelvic...

Factor V leiden in pregnancy

Factor V Leiden is a gene mutation. It can increase your chance of developing an abnormal blood...

Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation, or cutting, is any procedure that involves partial or total removal of, or injury...

Heavy menstrual bleeding

Heavy menstrual bleeding means a heavy period. This can affect a woman’s quality of life. Most menstrual...

Improving breast milk supply

Sometimes, women have a low breastmilk supply after birth. There are many reasons why a woman’s breast...

Long-acting contraceptives

Long-acting contraceptives are birth-control devices that stay in your body for a long time (from one month...

Mastitis and breast abscess

Mastitis is swelling in the breast. Most times, it is caused by an infection. It usually happens...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Menopause

Menopause is defined as not having a period for more than a year in a non-pregnant woman....

Options For Pregnancy Care

In South Western Sydney, there are five main types of pregnancy care. You have a say in your pregnancy care...

Ovarian masses (cysts)

Ovarian masses (cysts) are fluid-filled sacs that appear in the ovary. The most common types of cysts...

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection of your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This infection may...

Pelvic organ prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more pelvic organs bulge into the vagina. This happens when...

Period pain (dysmenorrhoea)

Dysmenorrhoea means a painful period. It is common but often under-diagnosed or treated. It can make life...

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

  Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder. It often affects young women’s metabolism and...

Postmenopausal bleeding

Postmenopausal bleeding is any bleeding from the vagina that happens after menopause. Around one in ten women...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are thinking about having a baby, pre-pregnancy...

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the physical and psychological symptoms that happen each menstrual cycle. They happen during the...

Short-acting contraceptives

Short-acting contraceptives prevent pregnancies but are either single use or only last for a short time. The...

Sore, Tender and Damaged Nipples

Nipple pain is common in the early days of breastfeeding. It generally improves after the first few...

Subfertility

Subfertility is when a person finds it hard to fall pregnant.   Eight in ten couples who...

Surgical termination of pregnancy

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Thrush (Vulvovaginal candidiasis)

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection in the vagina. It is caused by a growth of candida...

Unintended pregnancy

An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not planned. A chance pregnancy brings up a lot...

Urethritis

Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra (the tube which takes urine from the bladder to outside...

Urinary incontinence

  Urinary incontinence is the involuntary or accidental leakage of urine. This affects 30% to 50% of...

Vaginal pessaries

A vaginal pessary is a removable device that is put into the vagina. It is used to...

Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia is long lasting pain of the vulva without an obvious cause. It can include burning, stinging,...

Burns

A burn, or burn injury, happens when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of a burn...

Lacerations

A laceration is a deep cut to the skin or flesh. In some cases, your GP can...

Leg ulcers

A leg ulcer is a wound on the leg or ankle. The wound is usually caused by...

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