What is it?

People with diabetes need to eat certain foods and avoid others. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for diabetes, as everyone is different. But it is important to eat foods from the five food groups: fruit and vegetables, starchy food, dairy, protein and fat. Here are some steps your diabetes diet plan will need to consider:

  • Eat the recommended daily intake of fruits and vegetables
  • Choose low-fat foods, like lean meat and low-fat dairy
  • Limit foods with added salt and sugar
  • Eat high-fibre foods (wholegrain breads, rice, pasta, noodles)
  • Eat low-GI foods
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat two servings of fish every week
  • Limit alcohol to guidelines

Your GP can help you to learn the principles of healthy eating and may develop a diet plan that suits your unique needs. If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to know how to match your carbohydrate intake with your insulin dose.