Domestic and family abuse and violence

Domestic and family abuse and violence comes in many forms. This type of violence doesn’t discriminate and...

Domestic violence safety planning

You may need a safety plan if you feel you are at risk of domestic and family...

Sexual assault

Sexual assault as any type of sexual behaviour that makes someone feel uncomfortable, frightened, intimidated or threatened....

Antipsychotic medications

Psychosis is a serious mental health condition. It is when a person cannot tell the difference between...

Anxiety

Anxiety is when you feel anxious or stressed without a clear reason. It is the most common...

Bereavement, grief and loss

Bereavement is the process of coping with the death of a family member or close friend. If...

Depression

Depression is a mental health condition that affects your mood. One in six people will experience depression...

Mental health during a disaster

What is a disaster? A disaster can include heatwaves, bushfires, droughts, floods, severe storms and tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis and...

Problem gambling

Some people can gamble responsibly, but others find it hard to stop. Gambling becomes a problem when...

Self harm

Self harm is when someone purposely hurts a part of their body. Some common forms of self-harm...

Suicidal thoughts

Sometimes, people have thoughts about wanting to harm themselves or end their life. These thoughts may occur...

Anaemia

Anaemia is when your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. This reduces the oxygen...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is a type of blood clot that forms in a deep vein (not a...

Haemochromatosis

Haemochromatosis causes the body to absorb too much iron from food. The condition is genetic, which means...

Hypertension

What is hypertension? Hypertension is the medical name for high blood pressure. High blood pressure means your blood is pumping...

Iron deficiency anaemia

Iron deficiency anaemia is a type of anaemia caused by a lack of iron. You need iron...

Pulmonary embolism

A pulmonary embolism is when a blood clot blocks the arteries that supply blood to the lungs....

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Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It is also called colorectal cancer. Cancer...

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus. Most women who get this type of cancer...

Family risk of breast or ovarian cancer

Around five percent of breast cancers and 15 percent of ovarian cancers are due to a family...

Family risk of colorectal or endometrial cancer

Around 10 to 15% of all people with colorectal cancer have a family history. Family history means...

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. In people with liver cancer,...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the lungs. In Australia, more people die...

Lymphoma

What is lymphoma? Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer which affects the lymphatic system. It is the most common...

Melanoma

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer. Australia has the highest rate of melanoma in the...

Multidisciplinary teams in cancer care

When you have been diagnosed with cancer, you will be cared for by a whole team of...

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. In people with this type of cancer, cells...

Breast cancer screening

Breast cancer screening is a test that checks for early signs of breast cancer. When breast cancer...

Anxiety disorders in children and young people

An anxiety disorder is when we often feel very anxious. This can be anxious about something specific...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Behavioural Disorders in Children and Young People

A behavioural disorder is when a child has difficulty with their emotions and behaviours. Their behaviour can...

Compulsive disorders in children and young people

A compulsive disorder is when a person has repeated unwanted thoughts or the need to repeat a...

Depressive and bipolar disorders in children and young people

A depressive disorder is when a person has low mood, less interest or enjoyment in activities and...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Psychotic disorders in children and young people

Getting a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder will depend how long, how bad and in what ways...

Behavioural concerns In children

Some children act differently to other children. Behaving differently isn’t always a problem. But, if your child’s...

Developmental concerns

GPs use milestones to track your child’s development. Milestones are the skills and tasks children can do...

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a type of arthritis that develops in a child aged 16 or younger....

Obstructive sleep apnoea in children

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Weight management in children

Weight management in children is about making long-term changes that support a healthy lifestyle. The goal is...

Diabetes and diet

Diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for diabetes, because...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. If...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes foot screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Diabetes medications

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels....

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia is low blood sugar and it’s one of the most common problems related to diabetes. Taking...

Pre-diabetes

After you eat, your body breaks down food into glucose, a type of sugar. A hormone called...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are thinking about having a baby, pre-pregnancy...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that...

Type 2 diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes? Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. After you eat, your body breaks...

Benefits of exercise

It can sometimes seem too hard to exercise, with time, money, tiredness and other factors getting in the way. However,...

Maintaining healthy behaviour change

Sometimes getting the motivation to change our lifestyle is easy but actually making that change and sticking with it can...

Obesity related conditions

Obesity can affect a person’s overall health and wellbeing. People with a body mass index of more...

Planning to lose weight

Being overweight or obese can have an impact on your health, but even small amounts of weight...

Quitting smoking

Smoking is the greatest cause of preventable illness and death in Australia. Around two-thirds of long-term smokers...

Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal drug in Australia for people over the age of 18. However, alcohol use...

Cannabis

Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in Australia. It is used in three main forms:...

Medicinal Cannabis

Medicinal cannabis comes from the cannabis plant (also called marijuana). Most medicinal cannabis contains cannabidiol (CBD) and...

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is an illegal stimulant which is often called ‘crystal meth’ or ‘ice’. Methamphetamine gives you a...

Needle and syringe programs

Needle and syringe services in South Western Sydney Find your closest Needle and Syringe Program outlet below.

Opioids

There are many types of opioids, including prescription opioids such as morphine and illegal opioids such as...

Safe injecting practices

What should I do? People who inject drugs can place themselves at risk of HIV, hepatitis C and other blood...

Obstructive sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea is when something partly or completely blocks the throat during sleep. This causes breathing...

Advance care planning

What is advance care planning? Advance care planning involves making a plan for your future medical care. If one day...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Managing the final stages of dying

Managing the final stages of dying involves careful planning. It’s important the person’s wishes are respected. As...

Palliative care

What is palliative care? Palliative care is a specific type of care for people who have a life-limiting illness. Palliative...

Palliative care pain management

More than 65% of palliative care patients experience a form of pain from mild to severe, depending...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Sleep disturbance in palliative care

People nearing the end of their lives may have trouble sleeping. There are many reasons why sleep...

Understanding the dying process

What happens when a person is dying? It is very difficult to predict exactly what will happen. Some people deteriorate...

Voluntary assisted dying in NSW

What is voluntary assisted dying? Voluntary assisted dying (VAD) means a person can ask for medical help to end their...

Diabetes eye screening

Diabetes is not just a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can...

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency means you don’t have enough vitamin B12 in your body. Our bodies need vitamin...

Chest pain

Chest pain can feel like a dull ache, a sharp stab, or a crushing or burning sensation....

Heart failure

Heart failure is when your heart can’t pump enough blood to the rest of your body. The...

Rheumatic heart disease

What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) happens when your heart is damaged by acute rheumatic fever (ARF)....

Immunisation

Immunisation is the process of getting a vaccine against a serious disease. Vaccines work by producing an...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Influenza immunisation

The influenza (flu) vaccine protects against the flu. The vaccine helps reduce the risk of getting sick...

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

What is COVID-19? COVID-19 is a new type of virus. It was first detected in 2019. It is infectious and...

How to manage COVID-19 at home

Can I manage my COVID-19 at home? Most people can safely manage COVID-19 at home. This means if you get...

Ankle fractures

An ankle fracture is a broken ankle. Fractures can be thin cracks or complete breaks that shatter....

Ankle sprain

An ankle sprain is an ankle injury caused by rolling, twisting or straining the ankle. An ankle...

Burns

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

Clavicle fracture

A clavicle fracture is a break in the collar bone. Your collar bone is one of the...

Hand fractures

A hand fracture is a break in a bone in the hand (metacarpal fracture) or fingers (phalanx...

Lacerations (Cuts)

A laceration is a deep cut to the skin or flesh. In some cases, your GP can...

Prepatellar bursitis (Housemaid’s knee)

Prepatellar bursitis is a type of knee injury that occurs when the bursa, in the front of...

Scaphoid fractures

A scaphoid fracture is a break in one of the bones in your wrist. They usually happen...

Shoulder dislocation and instability

What is shoulder dislocation and instability? A shoulder dislocation is when the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder...

Acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury is a form of kidney damage that occurs quickly, over a few hours to...

Blood in urine (Haematuria)

Haematuria is when there is blood in the urine. It can be: Visible: It is possible to...

Chronic kidney disease

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body, removing waste products that can harm your organs. If...

Diabetes kidney screening

High blood sugar levels can damage your kidneys. Undiagnosed kidney damage can lead to serious health issues....

Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)

Kidney infections happen when bacteria enters your body via the urethra (the tube you pass urine through)....

Proteinuria

Proteinuria is the medical name for protein in the urine. There is usually a small amount of...

Fatty liver disease

Healthy livers have very little or no fat in them. But if you drink too much alcohol,...

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that affects the liver. The virus is spread through body fluids such...

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a virus that affects your liver. It is spread by direct blood contact such...

Breathlessness (Dyspnoea)

Breathlessness is shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing. It can happen for a number of reasons, including:...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, describes a range of lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, non-reversible...

End-stage respiratory disease

End-stage respiratory disease is when a lung disease reaches a stage where the person with the disease...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection caused by a bacteria or virus. It can affect one or...

Shortness of breath action plan

The Shortness of Breath Action Plan shows different ways to manage your breathlessness. It is completed with...

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. The pinched nerve causes a...

Dupuytren’s contracture

Dupuytren’s Contracture happens when the skin under your hand slowly thickens and gets tight. This can force...

Ganglia

Ganglia are small cysts, they are also known as ganglion cysts. They look like small bumps and...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. There are two main types...

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

A Transient Ischaemic Attack, also known as a TIA, is a minor stroke. It occurs when blood...

ADHD in children

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that affects how people behave. Children with ADHD may...

Autism in children

Autism spectrum disorder (autism for short) affects how someone thinks, feels, acts and behaves with others. Signs...

Dementia

What is dementia? Dementia causes a decline in brain function. It affects parts of the brain like memory, thinking, learning,...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

If you have epilepsy and want to fall pregnant, there are some issues you need to be...

Mild cognitive impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is memory loss that is not a normal part of ageing. It affects up...

Birthmark (Infantile haemangioma)

An infantile haemangioma is the most common type of birthmark in babies. They often appear a few...

Back pain

Back pain is the term for pain felt in the spine or back. It can be mild...

Chronic pain

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than expected. It usually occurs after an injury or disease....

Ingrown toenail

Ingrown toenails occur when your toenail grows into the skin of the toe. They are most common...

Knee pain

Knee pain is pain you can feel in the knee joint or around the knee. Knee pain...

Medication for acute pain

There are two main types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain starts suddenly and is usually...

Shin pain

The shin bone (tibia) is the large bone at the front of the lower leg. Shin pain...

Trigger finger

What is trigger finger? Trigger finger happens when your finger is hard to straighten after bending. You might notice a...

Anaemia in pregnancy

Anaemia means you don’t have enough red blood cells in your blood. It’s often caused by low...

Antenatal screening

A fetal anomaly, sometimes called a birth defect, is when there is a change to part of...

Asthma in pregnancy

If you have asthma and are pregnant, your asthma control can change. Some women have an increase...

Birth after caesarean section

For women who have had one or more caesarean sections in the past, you may have the...

Bleeding in mid-late pregnancy

Bleeding in mid to late pregnancy is any bleeding from 20 weeks to full term. It can...

Bleeding in rhesus negative women

Every person has one of four blood types (A, B, AB or O). These blood types are...

Coping with pregnancy loss

What will my healthcare team do? Your healthcare team can answer many of the medical questions you may have regarding...

Diabetes and pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are pregnant, you need special care. If...

Epilepsy and pregnancy

If you have epilepsy and want to fall pregnant, there are some issues you need to be...

Factor V leiden in pregnancy

Factor V Leiden is a gene mutation. It can increase your chance of developing an abnormal blood...

Fetal movements

Fetal movements is a term that refers to the baby’s movements in the womb during pregnancy. Your...

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes develops if the body can’t make enough insulin. Insulin helps the body to absorb sugar from...

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia

Hypertension in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia are health concerns that can affect pregnant women at any stage. Hypertension...

Immunisation and pregnancy

Getting certain vaccines before, during and after pregnancy protects you and your baby. Vaccines for pregnant women...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Miscarriage

What is miscarriage? A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that occurs within the fi­rst 20 weeks. This is usually confirmed...

Obesity in pregnancy

It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy. However, being overweight or obese before pregnancy, or putting...

Options for pregnancy care

In South Western Sydney, there are five main types of pregnancy care. You have a say in your pregnancy care...

Perineal tear follow up

It is common for women to have some form of tear during a vaginal birth. A tear...

Planning to have a baby

If you’re planning to have a baby, it’s important to see your GP for a pre-conception visit...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are thinking about having a baby, pre-pregnancy...

Thyroid disease in pregnancy

Your thyroid gland is located in your neck, near the base of your throat. It makes hormones...

Unintended pregnancy

An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not planned. A chance pregnancy brings up a lot...

Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy uses a long, snake like tube with a light and camera to look inside the...

Criteria-led discharge

Many people find hospital a worrying and confusing time. Not knowing when they will leave the hospital...

Dilatation and curettage

A Dilatation and Curettage (D&C) is an operation performed on women to scrape away the lining of...

Iron therapy

Iron therapy is when you get iron injected into your vein through an intravenous (IV) infusion. Your...

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder and gallstones by keyhole surgery. Sometimes, the surgeon...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Recovering from keyhole surgery

What is keyhole surgery? Laparoscopic, or keyhole surgery, involves 3-4 small incisions (cuts) up to 1cm long in the abdomen...

Surgical termination of pregnancy

Surgical termination of pregnancy is a safe day-surgery procedure. It can be performed anywhere between 7 to...

Acute pelvic pain in women

What is acute pelvic pain? Acute pelvic pain is soreness that’s felt in your lower stomach area. The pain may...

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection. It’s caused by bacteria. You get chlamydia by having unprotected...

Contact tracing

You’ve just found out you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There’s a lot going through your...

Epididymo-orchitis

Epididymo-orchitis is the painful swelling of the testes and the tubes attached to each testicle. It is...

Genital warts

Genital warts, or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), is a sexually transmitted infection caused by strains of the...

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. Common symptoms include genital discharge, pain when urinating...

Herpes

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. As many as one...

HIV exposure

People can become exposed to HIV in several ways. This may be from unprotected sex, sharing needles...

Living with HIV

Living with HIV is the term used to describe people who are HIV-positive. Over the last three...

Permanent contraception (Steralisation)

Permanent contraception stops a person from being able to reproduce. There is an option for people with...

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV (PrEP)

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medication that greatly reduces the risk of getting HIV. PrEP is recommended...

Sexual health screening

What is sexual health screening? Sexual health screening is testing for one or more sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You might...

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It’s a bacterial infection that spreads by having unprotected sex or...

Urethral discharge in males

Urethral discharge is when fluid leaks from the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis....

Acne

Acne is a condition causing spots and painful bumps on the skin, also known as pimples. Acne...

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection. The infected area may be swollen, red, hot and tender. Common...

Corns and calluses

Corns and calluses are patches of thick, hard skin. They usually form on feet and toes but...

Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is dry and irritated skin. Eczema often appears on the face, neck,...

Hives (Urticaria)

Hives (urticaria) is a type of itchy skin rash. The raised bumps (wheals) appear when skin cells...

Pruritus

Pruritus is the medical word for itchy skin. There are many reasons why your skin can itch....

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a type of skin condition that usually appears as an elevated round or oval patch...

Rashes in children

A rash is a change in colour and texture of the skin. They can feel hot, itchy,...

Skin conditions in pregnancy

During pregnancy, you may experience some changes to your skin. Sometimes, you can experience a rash or...

Warts and verrucas

What are warts/verrucas? Warts and plantar warts (verrucas) are small, hard lumps on the skin. They are caused by a...

Acute rheumatic fever

What is acute rheumatic fever? Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an illness that can be very severe. It can happen...

After a loved one has died

After a loved one has died, your GP may sign a certificate that confirms the death. You...

Caring for your cast

How do I look after my cast? It is important to let the case fully dry. Arm plaster casts can...

Exercises for arm and hand casts

Why is this important? Your wrist has been put in a cast to stop it from moving so the bones...

Heatstroke

What is heatstroke? Heatstroke happens when your body gets too hot. It is more common in summer due to the...

Preparing for a heatwave

What is a heatwave? A heatwave is when there are more than three days in a row with a temperature...

Self-care for families and carers in palliative care

Caring for someone who has a life-limiting illness is hard but rewarding. It is normal to feel...

Sleep hygiene

Sleep hygiene means good sleep habits – the things you can do to give yourself the best...

Biliary scan

What is a biliary scan? A Biliary scan is a test to detect certain diseases of the gall bladder. It...

Bone scan

What is a bone scan? A bone scan is useful in diagnosing and assessing a wide range of bone and...

Colon transit scan

A Colon Transit scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gallium scan

A Gallium Scan is a test that is used to detect a number of diseases including infections,...

Gastric emptying scan

A Gastric Emptying Scan is a test to examine if there is a problem with the movement...

Gated heart pool scan

A gated heart pool scan looks at how well the heart is pumping. It may be performed...

Liver spleen scan

A Liver-Spleen scan is a test to examine the liver and/or the spleen for abnormalities. This test...

Lung (V/Q) scan

A lung (V/Q) scan is also known as a lung ventilation and perfusion scan. This test is...

MIBG scan

An MIBG Scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

Octreotide scan

An Octreotide scan is a test that is used to detect various tumours of the neuro-endocrine system....

Oral glucose tolerance test

What is an oral glucose tolerance test? An oral glucose tolerance test, or OGTT, is a test that looks at...

Parathyroid scan

A Parathyroid scan is a test to identify and localise overactive parathyroid gland(s). What do I...

Positron emission tomography scan

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) detects and measures glucose metabolism within the body. PET scans can diagnose certain...

Radioiodine total body search

A Radioiodine Total Body Search detects the presence of residual thyroid tissue or cancer spread in patients...

RBC (red blood cell) liver scan

Liver masses are often found by other tests such as ultrasound or CT scans. An RBC Liver...

Renal cortex scan

A renal cortex scan is also known as a DSMA renal scan. The scan examines the functioning...

Renal scan

A renal scan looks at kidney blood flow and function. It can give information that cannot be...

Sentinel lymph node scan

What is a sentinel lymph node? Lymph is fluid that escapes from blood vessels into the tissues. It travels in...

Skin biopsy

A skin biopsy is a quick and simple procedure that removes a small sample of skin for...

Thyroid scan

A thyroid scan shows the function and structure of the thyroid gland. It can give information not...

Ultrasound

An ultrasound scan creates a real-time picture of the inside of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound...

White blood cell scan

A white blood cell scan is a test used to detect areas of infection in the body...

Dialysis

Your kidneys filter the blood in your body. They remove waste products that could harm your vital...

Mallet splints

A mallet splint is designed to keep your finger tip in an over-extended position to allow the...

Abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge is a fluid that comes out of your vagina. It is normally clear or white....

Long-acting contraceptives

Long-acting contraceptives are birth-control devices that stay in your body for a long time (from one month...

Medical termination of pregnancy

A medical termination uses medication to end a pregnancy. It is safe and effective for pregnancies up...

Ovarian masses (Cysts)

Ovarian masses (cysts) are fluid-filled sacs that appear in the ovary. The most common types of cysts...

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection of your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This infection may...

Pre-pregnancy planning for women with diabetes

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are thinking about having a baby, pre-pregnancy...

Short-acting contraceptives

Short-acting contraceptives prevent pregnancies but are either single use or only last for a short time. The...

Burns

What is a burn? A burn occurs when skin is injured by heat. Common causes of burns include hot or...

Leg ulcers

A leg ulcer is a wound on the leg or ankle. The wound is usually caused by...

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