What is it?
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. In people with ovarian cancer, abnormal cells grow in the ovaries and form a tumour, which is a mass of tissue. Tumours can grow and spread throughout the body.
Ovarian cancer is more common in women who have gone through menopause. However, people who have a family history of ovarian cancer are more likely to develop the disease. Those with the HNPCC or BRCA gene mutations have a higher risk of ovarian cancer.
Treatment for ovarian cancer depends on the stage of the disease and whether it has spread to other organs. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Surgery is the main form of treatment and aims to remove as many cancer cells as possible. Treatment can help to destroy cancer cells and improve the quality of life of the person with the disease.